Hebrew Bible

Exodus 22:31

22 “You must not afflict any widow or orphan. 23 If you afflict them in any way and they cry to me, I will surely hear their cry, 24 and my anger will burn and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives will be widows and your children will be fatherless. 25 “If you lend money to any of my people who are needy among you, do not be like a moneylender to him; do not charge him interest. 26 If you do take the garment of your neighbor in pledge, you must return it to him by the time the sun goes down, 27 for it is his only covering—it is his garment for his body. What else can he sleep in? And when he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am gracious. 28 “You must not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people. 29 “Do not hold back offerings from your granaries or your vats. You must give me the firstborn of your sons. 30 You must also do this for your oxen and for your sheep; seven days they may remain with their mothers, but give them to me on the eighth day. 31You will be holy people to me; you must not eat any meat torn by animals in the field. You must throw it to the dogs.

Date: 5th Century B.C.E. (Final composition)
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates

Neofiti Exodus 22:30

24 If you lend money to my people, to a poor man who is among you, you shall not be for him an exacting creditor, and you shall not impose on him interest or usury. 25 If you take your neighbor’s garment in pledge,pp you shall return it to him before the sun goes down, 26 for it is his only covering, the mantleqq of the skin of his flesh. In what shall he sleep? And if he cries out before me against you, I will hear the voice o f his prayer, for I am gracious and merciful. 27 My people, children of Israel: do not despise your judges and do not curse the lord who is in your people. 28 Do not delay in collecting your tithes and your priestly share. You shall consecrateuu to my name the first-born of your male sons. 29 You shall do likewise with your oxen and with your sheep. Seven days ww it shall be reared behind its mother, and on the eighth day they shall separate it to my name. 30 And you shall be a people of consecrated ones to my name. You shall not eat flesh torn from a wild beast, killed in the field; you shall throw it to the dog, or you shall throw it to the gentile stranger, who is comparable to the dog.

Date: 300-1000 C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates