Exodus 22:31

Hebrew Bible

28 “You must not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people. 29 “Do not hold back offerings from your granaries or your vats. You must give me the firstborn of your sons. 30 You must also do this for your oxen and for your sheep; seven days they may remain with their mothers, but give them to me on the eighth day. 31You will be holy people to me; you must not eat any meat torn by animals in the field. You must throw it to the dogs.

Neofiti Exodus 22:30


28 Do not delay in collecting your tithes and your priestly share. You shall consecrateuu to my name the first-born of your male sons. 29 You shall do likewise with your oxen and with your sheep. Seven days ww it shall be reared behind its mother, and on the eighth day they shall separate it to my name. 30 And you shall be a people of consecrated ones to my name. You shall not eat flesh torn from a wild beast, killed in the field; you shall throw it to the dog, or you shall throw it to the gentile stranger, who is comparable to the dog.

 Notes and References

"... This law deals with flesh (trèfàh) torn from a living animal. In ruling that it may be given to a Gentile, the Targum is following the rules laid down for carrion (nebêlàh) in Deuteronomy 14:21. This corresponds to the way in which the verse is treated in Mekiltah Rabbi Kaspa 2:23-39, Exodus Rabbah 31:9, and the arguments adduced for dealing with flesh in this fashion. But as Levy makes clear, the Hebrew is ambiguous and may refer to two forbidden things, dead flesh in the field and flesh from a living animal. The words of Neofiti can be translated such that they also include this ambiguity ..."

McNamara, Martin Targum Neofiti 1, Exodus (p. 98) Liturgical Press, 1994

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