Exodus 15:17

Hebrew Bible

15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, trembling will seize the leaders of Moab, and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake. 16 Fear and dread will fall on them; by the greatness of your arm they will be as still as stone until your people pass by, O Lord, until the people whom you have bought pass by. 17 You will bring them in and plant them in the mountain of your inheritance, in the place you made for your residence, O Lord, the sanctuary, O Lord, that your hands have established. 18 The Lord will reign forever and ever! 19 For the horses of Pharaoh came with his chariots and his footmen into the sea, and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them, but the Israelites walked on dry land in the middle of the sea.”

2 Maccabees 1:29


27 Gather together our scattered people, set free those who are slaves among the Gentiles, look on those who are rejected and despised, and let the Gentiles know that you are our God. 28 Punish those who oppress and are insolent with pride. 29 Plant your people in your holy place, as Moses promised." 30 Then the priests sang the hymns. 31 After the materials of the sacrifice had been consumed, Nehemiah ordered that the liquid that was left should be poured on large stones.

 Notes and References

"... This city-temple is the new Jerusalem, appearing as a cube perhaps the size of the then known world (Revelation 21:16), an allusion to the holy of holies in the tabernacle and temple, with sufficient space for all people. The nations will stream to this city (21:24) from which all uncleanness is excluded (21:27). The river of the water of life flows from the throne of God, and the tree of life is there, further echoes of the primeval Eden temple. Thus, the new heaven and earth in their entirety are pictured as a temple. While the source of much heavenly temple symbolism seems to be Ezekiel’s visionary temple (Ezekiel 40–48), Exodus 15:17 is another important text ... Ninow notes that in 1 Kings 8:39, 43, 49; 2 Chronicles 6:30, 33, 39; Psalm 33:14; Daniel 8:11, ןוכמ refers to God’s heavenly dwelling place. He concludes, “... the author of the song [Exodus 15:1–18] anticipated as well a fulfilment that is on a larger, cosmic level.” Apart from these texts and Exodus 15:17, ןוכמ appears in Ezra 2:68 (the Jerusalem temple); Isaiah 4:5 (Zion); Psalm 89:14; 97:2 (the place of God’s throne); 1 Kings 8:13; 2 Chronicles 6:2 (YHWH’s earthly dwelling place); and Psalm 104:5 (the foundations of the earth). See also 2 Maccabees 1:29; 2:17–18. Propp notes that while Exodus 15 is now in a literary context, it was originally liturgical, and suggests that “wherever it is sung, there is Yahweh’s mountain.” He proposes that in its context in Exodus the referent is primarily Sinai; in the Hexateuch, Canaan; in the entire Hebrew Bible, Sinai, Canaan or Zion; and in early Jewish literature and the NT, the kingdom of heaven ..."

Church, Philip Hebrews and the Temple: Attitudes to the Temple in Second Temple Judaism and in Hebrews (pp. 7-9) Brill, 2017

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