Exodus 12:12

Hebrew Bible

10 You must leave nothing until morning, but you must burn with fire whatever remains of it until morning. 11 This is how you are to eat it—dressed to travel, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. You are to eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 12 “‘I will pass through the land of Egypt in the same night, and I will attack all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both of humans and of animals, and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. I am the Lord. 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, so that when I see the blood I will pass over you, and this plague will not fall on you to destroy you when I attack the land of Egypt. 14 “‘This day will become a memorial for you, and you will celebrate it as a festival to the Lord—you will celebrate it perpetually as a lasting ordinance.

Jeremiah 46:25

Hebrew Bible

23 The population of Egypt is like a vast, impenetrable forest. But I, the Lord, affirm that the enemy will cut them down. For those who chop them down will be more numerous than locusts. They will be too numerous to count. 24 Poor dear Egypt will be put to shame. She will be handed over to the people from the north.’” 25 The Lord of Heaven’s Armies, the God of Israel, says, “I will punish Amon, the god of Thebes. I will punish Egypt, its gods, and its kings. I will punish Pharaoh and all who trust in him. 26 I will hand them over to Nebuchadnezzar and his troops, who want to kill them. But later on, people will live in Egypt again as they did in former times. I, the Lord, affirm it!” 27 “You descendants of Jacob, my servants, do not be afraid; do not be terrified, people of Israel. For I will rescue you and your descendants from the faraway lands where you are captives. The descendants of Jacob will return to their land and enjoy peace. They will be secure, and no one will terrify them.

 Notes and References

"... In two passages in the Torah the plagues are understood to be as much judgments on the Egyptian gods as on the Egyptians themselves. In the words of Exodus 12:12, the Lord declared, “I will mete out punishments to all the gods of Egypt, I the Lord.” The historical summary of Numbers 33:4 distinctly states that “the Lord executed judgment on their gods.” The meaning of these assertions is not spelled out, and the motif is again mentioned in the Bible only in Jeremiah 46:25. The Hellenistic-Jewish work known as “The Wisdom of Solomon” that is included in the extrabiblical collection called the “Apocrypha,” understood the plagues to be a mockery of Egyptian paganism ..."

Sarna, Nahum M. Exploring Exodus: The Origins of Biblical Israel (p. 65) Schocken Books, 1996

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