Didache 4:8


6 Of whatsoever thou hast gained by thy hands thou shalt give a ransom for thy sins. 7 Thou shalt not hesitate to give, nor shalt thou grumble when thou givest, for thou shalt know who is the good Paymaster of the reward. 8 Thou shalt not turn away the needy, but shalt share everything with thy brother, and shalt not say it is thine own, for if you are sharers in the imperishable, how much more in the things which perish? 9 Thou shalt not withhold thine hand from thy son or from thy daughter, but thou shalt teach them the fear of God from their youth up. 10 Thou shalt not command in thy bitterness thy slave or thine handmaid, who hope in the same God, lest they cease to fear the God who is over you both; for he comes not to call men with respect of persons, but those whom the Spirit has prepared.

Pirkei Avot 3:7


7 Rabbi Elazar of Bartotha said: give to Him of that which is His, for you and that which is yours is His; and thus it says with regards to David: “for everything comes from You, and from Your own hand have we given you” (I Chronicles 29:14). Rabbi Jacob said: if one is studying while walking on the road and interrupts his study and says, “how fine is this tree!” [or] “how fine is this newly ploughed field!” scripture accounts it to him as if he was mortally guilty.

 Notes and References

"... it is to be noted that the last clause of 4:8 echoes a well known Jewish maxim, 'Give to him' (to God) 'what is his' (God's) 'for you and what you have is his' (mishnah Avot 3:7, see also 5:13). It is only natural that this understanding has a parallel in the Derekh Erets literature: 'and do not say, I did good with my own (money), but say from the good that one did to me.' The same idea seems to underline Jesus' parable in Matthew 20:1-16, where the Landowner, God, says, 'Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me?' ..."

Sandt, Hubertus W., and David Flusser The Didache: Its Jewish Sources and Its Place in Early Judaism and Christianity (p. 183) Royal Van Gorcum, 2002

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