Deuteronomy 8:3

Hebrew Bible

1 You must keep carefully all these commandments I am giving you today so that you may live, increase in number, and go in and occupy the land that the Lord promised to your ancestors. 2 Remember the whole way by which he has brought you these 40 years through the wilderness so that he might, by humbling you, test you to see if you have it within you to keep his commandments or not. 3 So he humbled you by making you hungry and then feeding you with unfamiliar manna. He did this to teach you that humankind cannot live by bread alone, but also by everything that comes from the Lord’s mouth. 4 Your clothing did not wear out nor did your feet swell all these 40 years. 5 Be keenly aware that just as a parent disciplines his child, so the Lord your God disciplines you.

Wisdom of Solomon 16:26


24 For creation, serving you who made it, exerts itself to punish the unrighteous, and in kindness relaxes on behalf of those who trust in you. 25 Therefore at that time also, changed into all forms, it served your all-nourishing bounty, according to the desire of those who had need, 26 so that your children, whom you loved, O Lord, might learn that it is not the production of crops that feeds humankind but that your word sustains those who trust in you. 27 For what was not destroyed by fire was melted when simply warmed by a fleeting ray of the sun, 28 to make it known that one must rise before the sun to give you thanks, and must pray to you at the dawning of the light;

 Notes and References

"... The words in italics are just a part of the many varied relations between Matthew 4:1–11 and Deuteronomy 8 at the word and phrase level. In addition, at a broader level, there are other important relations between these two texts ... A goal of the testing was to teach Israel that a person does not live by bread alone but by every word that comes from God (Deuteronomy 8:2–3 ... compare with Wisdom of Solomon 16:26) which is what Jesus quotes back to the tempter when he is tested (Matthew 4:4), revealing he too must learn and follow this principle ..."

Kennedy, Joel The Recapitulation of Israel: Use of Israel’s History in Matthew 1:1-4:11 (pp. 190-191) Mohr Siebeck, 2008

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