Deuteronomy 5:8

Hebrew Bible

6 “I am the Lord your God—he who brought you from the land of Egypt, from the place of slavery. 7 “You must not have any other gods besides me. 8You must not make for yourself an image of anything in heaven above, on earth below, or in the waters beneath. 9 You must not worship or serve them, for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God. I punish the sons, grandsons, and great-grandsons for the sin of the fathers who reject me, 10 but I show covenant faithfulness to the thousands who choose me and keep my commandments.

1 Kings 14:9

Hebrew Bible

7 Go, tell Jeroboam, ‘This is what the Lord God of Israel has said: “I raised you up from among the people and made you ruler over my people Israel. 8 I tore the kingdom away from the Davidic dynasty and gave it to you. But you are not like my servant David, who kept my commandments and followed me wholeheartedly by doing only what I approve. 9 You have sinned more than all who came before you. You went and angered me by making other gods, formed out of metal; you have completely disregarded me. 10 So I am ready to bring disaster on the dynasty of Jeroboam. I will cut off every last male belonging to Jeroboam in Israel, including even the weak and incapacitated. I will burn up the dynasty of Jeroboam, just as one burns manure until it is completely consumed. 11 Dogs will eat the members of your family who die in the city, and the birds of the sky will eat the ones who die in the country.”’ Indeed, the Lord has announced it!

 Notes and References

"... Albeit briefly, mention should be made of Jeroboam’s erecting a golden calf at both Dan and Bethel to keep his people from worshiping in Jerusalem and eventually returning to the house of David (1 Kings 12:26-29). There is no evidence that Jeroboam wanted to substitute another god for Yahweh (he used virtually the same formula in introducing the golden calves as had Aaron: Exodus 32:4; 1 Kings 12:28). However, the presence of the two golden calves promoted religious syncretism (compare 1 Kings 14:9; 2 Chronicles 11:15), and his statement, “this is your god who led you out of Egypt” (as in Exodus 32:4), was open to being understood as referring not only to Yahweh but also to Canaanite gods. Such an understanding is supported by the strong condemnation of Jeroboam’s sin, both in his lifetime (1 Kings 14:9) and after his death (e.g., 1 Kings 15:30, 34; 16:2-3, 7,19, 26, 31; 2 Kings 17:15-16; Hosea 8:5-6), as well as by the fact that such calves were worshiped as a deity (compare Hosea 13:2 and 1 Kings 19:18). Still, the archaeological evidence for calf worship in the northern kingdom is sparse compared to the evidence from earlier (including pre-Israelite) periods ..."

Alexander, T. Desmond, and David W. Baker Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch (p. 370) InterVarsity Press, 2003

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