Deuteronomy 5:7

Hebrew Bible

5 (I was standing between the Lord and you at that time to reveal the Lord’s message to you, because you were afraid of the fire and would not go up the mountain.) He said: 6 “I am the Lord your God—he who brought you from the land of Egypt, from the place of slavery. 7You must not have any other gods besides me. 8 “You must not make for yourself an image of anything in heaven above, on earth below, or in the waters beneath. 9 You must not worship or serve them, for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God. I punish the sons, grandsons, and great-grandsons for the sin of the fathers who reject me,

Hosea 13:4

Hebrew Bible

2 Even now they persist in sin! They make metal images for themselves, idols that they skillfully fashion from their own silver; all of them are nothing but the work of craftsmen. There is a saying about them: “Those who sacrifice to the calf idol are calf kissers!” 3 Therefore they will disappear like the morning mist, like early morning dew that evaporates, like chaff that is blown away from a threshing floor, like smoke that disappears through an open window. 4 But I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt. Therefore, you must not acknowledge any God but me. Except for me there is no Savior. 5 I cared for you in the wilderness, in the dry desert where no water was. 6 When they were fed, they became satisfied; when they were satisfied, they became proud; as a result, they forgot me!

 Notes and References

"... The purification from Israel's cult of pagan elements, including the abolition of the high places, associated with the Hezekianic-Josianic reforms, has its roots in northern Israel. The struggle with Baal worship started in the north in the period of Ahab, and in the time of Jehu the Baal was extirpated from Israel (2 Kings 10:28). From the struggle with the Baal apparently evolved the polemic against the golden calves, which is expressed by Hosea (10:5; 13:2). As is well known, the sins of the Baal and of the golden calves are, in Deuteronomic historiography, the two decisive sins of Israel. Both sins were condemned in northern Israel (see especially Hosea) before the rise of the Deuteronomic movement. Furthermore, it seems that the condemnation of astral worship so characteristic of the Deuteronomic writings has its roots in the north. Amos 5:26 refers vaguely to this sin, but the assault is more clearly expressed in the LXX version of Hosea. In the framework of the admonition against pagan worship in Hosea 13:1-4 we find in the LXX a short doxology at the end of verse 4 ... (The pair stereo and ktizo is found only in Amos and Hosea, and the Greek of the doxology in Hosea 13:4 is very similar to Jeremiah 8:2, which is also concerned with astral worship) We find here affinities with other scriptures that condemn astral worship and specify that the worship was assigned by God to other nations and was forbidden to the Israelites (Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3; 29:25). It seems that, like Amos, Hosea incorporated doxologies into his prophecies in the context of admonitions concerning foreign worship. Similar hymnic affirmations are attested in Job (5:9-16; 9:410) and in Deutero-Isaiah (40:22, 42:5; 44:24; 45:18) ..."

Weinfeld, Moshe Deuteronomy 1-11: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary (pp. 44-45) Doubleday, 1991

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