Deuteronomy 5:16

Hebrew Bible

14 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. On that day you must not do any work, you, your son, your daughter, your male slave, your female slave, your ox, your donkey, any other animal, or the resident foreigner who lives with you, so that your male and female slaves, like yourself, may have rest. 15 Recall that you were slaves in the land of Egypt and that the Lord your God brought you out of there by strength and power. That is why the Lord your God has commanded you to observe the Sabbath day. 16Honor your father and your mother just as the Lord your God has commanded you to do, so that your days may be extended and that it may go well with you in the land that he is about to give you. 17 “You must not murder. 18 “You must not commit adultery.

Malachi 1:6

Hebrew Bible

4 Edom says, “Though we are devastated, we will once again build the ruined places.” So the Lord of Heaven’s Armies responds, “They indeed may build, but I will overthrow. They will be known as the land of evil, the people with whom the Lord is permanently displeased. 5 Your eyes will see it, and then you will say, ‘May the Lord be magnified even beyond the border of Israel!’” 6A son naturally honors his father and a slave respects his master. If I am your father, where is my honor? If I am your master, where is my respect? The Lord of Heaven’s Armies asks you this, you priests who make light of my name! But you reply, ‘How have we made light of your name?’ 7 You are offering improper sacrifices on my altar, yet you ask, ‘How have we offended you?’ By treating the table of the Lord as if it is of no importance. 8 For when you offer blind animals as a sacrifice, is that not wrong? And when you offer the lame and sick, is that not wrong as well? Indeed, try offering them to your governor! Will he be pleased with you or show you favor?” asks the Lord of Heaven’s Armies.

 Notes and References

"... A father was to be held in high esteem in Israelite culture. Analogously, Father Yahweh (known elsewhere for his kābôd) was to be accorded the honor due one’s parents (Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16) as well as the reverence in which one’s father and mother were to be held (Leviticus 19:3) ... consider how Malachi 1:6 places the following on Yahweh’s lips as he addresses the abuses of priests ... Michael Fishbane has written about how the prophet’s diatribe in Malachi 1:6-2:9 “is exegetical in nature ... [taking] the contents of the Priestly Blessing [Numbers 6:23– 27] - delivered by the priests, and with its emphasis on blessing, the sanctity of the divine Name, and such benefactions as protection, favorable countenance, and peace - and inverted them” ..."

Lewis, Theodore J. The Origin and Character of God: Ancient Israelite Religion through the Lens of Divinity (pp. 483-484) Oxford University Press, 2020

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