Deuteronomy 4:26

Hebrew Bible

24 For the Lord your God is a consuming fire; he is a jealous God. 25 After you have produced children and grandchildren and have been in the land a long time, if you become corrupt and make an image of any kind and do other evil things before the Lord your God that enrage him, 26 I invoke heaven and earth as witnesses against you today that you will surely and swiftly be removed from the very land you are about to cross the Jordan to possess. You will not last long there because you will surely be annihilated. 27 Then the Lord will scatter you among the peoples and there will be very few of you among the nations where the Lord will drive you. 28 There you will worship gods made by human hands—wood and stone that can neither see, hear, eat, nor smell. Source

Date: 6th Century B.C.E. (Final composition) (based on scholarly estimates)

1 Enoch 2:1

Pseudepigrapha

1 Observe ye everything that takes place in the heaven, how they do not change their orbits, ⌈and⌉ the luminaries which are in the heaven, how they all rise and set in order each in its season, and transgress not against their appointed order. 2 Behold ye the earth, and give heed to the things which take place upon it from first to last, ⌈how steadfast they are⌉, how ⌈none of the things upon earth⌉ change, ⌈but⌉ all the works of God appear ⌈to you⌉. 3 Behold the summer and the winter, ⌈⌈how the whole earth is filled with water, and clouds and dew and rain lie upon it⌉⌉. Source

Date: 200-50 B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

"... A feature which is sometimes repeated in Dt is, namely, that heaven and earth are invoked as witnesses against Israel when it makes the covenant with its Lord ... It seems, however, that so far we have only surmised a possible and not too close relationship between 1 En 2 ff. and Dt..."

Hartman, Lars Asking for a Meaning: A Study of 1 Enoch 1-5 (p. 29) LiberLäromedel/Gleerup, 1979

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... A feature which is sometimes repeated in Dt is, namely, that heaven and earth are invoked as witnesses against Israel when it makes the covenant with its Lord ... It seems, however, that so far we have only surmised a possible and not too close relationship between 1 En 2 ff. and Dt..."

Hartman, Lars Asking for a Meaning: A Study of 1 Enoch 1-5 (p. 29) LiberLäromedel/Gleerup, 1979

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.