Deuteronomy 4:19

Hebrew Bible

17 any kind of land animal, any bird that flies in the sky, 18 anything that crawls on the ground, or any fish in the deep waters under the earth. 19 When you look up to the sky and see the sun, moon, and stars—the whole heavenly creation—you must not be seduced to worship and serve them, for the Lord your God has assigned them to all the people of the world. 20 You, however, the Lord has selected and brought from Egypt, that iron-smelting furnace, to be his special people as you are today. 21 But the Lord became angry with me because of you and vowed that I would never cross the Jordan nor enter the good land that he is about to give you.

2 Kings 21:3

Hebrew Bible

1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned for fifty-five years in Jerusalem. His mother was Hephzibah. 2 He did evil in the sight of the Lord and committed the same horrible sins practiced by the nations whom the Lord drove out before the Israelites. 3 He rebuilt the high places that his father Hezekiah had destroyed; he set up altars for Baal and made an Asherah pole just as King Ahab of Israel had done. He bowed down to all the stars in the sky and worshiped them. 4 He built altars in the Lord’s temple, about which the Lord had said, “Jerusalem will be my home.” 5 In the two courtyards of the Lord’s temple he built altars for all the stars in the sky.

 Notes and References

"... The Hebrew Scriptures commonly depict the celestial bodies as divine or angelic beings, identified as the “hosts of heaven”, “sons of (the) God(s)” or “sons of the Most High”, and the “gods”. (See e.g. Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3; Judges 5:20; 2 Kings 17:16; 21:3–5; 23:4–5; 2 Chronicles 33:3–5; Nehemiah 9:6; Job 38:7; Psalm 148:3; Isaiah 14:12–13; 24:21–23; 40:26; 45:12; 48:13; Jeremiah 7:18; 8:2; 19:13; 32:29; 33:22; Daniel 8:10; Zephaniah 1:5) Here in LXX Deuteronomy 4:19, the celestial bodies themselves are regarded as the “hosts (or ornaments) of heaven” who have been “allotted to all the nations under heaven.” This notion is part of a wider Deuteronomic scriptural matrix which depicts the celestial bodies as the patron gods or angels of the nations, members of Yahweh’s Divine Council ..."

Burnett, David A. A Neglected Deuteronomic Scriptural Matrix for the Nature of the Resurrection Body in 1 Corinthians 15:39–42 (pp. 187-212) Fortress Academic, 2019

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