Deuteronomy 33:2

Hebrew Bible

1 This is the blessing Moses the man of God pronounced upon the Israelites before his death. 2 He said: “The Lord came from Sinai and revealed himself to Israel from Seir. He appeared in splendor from Mount Paran, and came forth with ten thousand holy ones. With his right hand he gave a fiery law to them. 3 Surely he loves the people; all your holy ones are in your power. And they sit at your feet, each receiving your words. 4 Moses delivered to us a law, an inheritance for the assembly of Jacob.

Baruch 4:24


22 For I have put my hope in the Everlasting to save you, and joy has come to me from the Holy One, because of the mercy that will soon come to you from your everlasting savior. 23 For I sent you out with sorrow and weeping, but God will give you back to me with joy and gladness forever. 24 For as the neighbors of Zion have now seen your capture, so they soon will see your salvation by God, which will come to you with great glory and with the splendor of the Everlasting. 25 My children, endure with patience the wrath that has come upon you from God. Your enemy has overtaken you, but you will soon see their destruction and will tread upon their necks. 26 My pampered children have traveled rough roads; they were taken away like a flock carried off by the enemy.

 Notes and References

"... The eastern orientation of the Jerusalem temple has led to speculative theories regarding the solarized character of Yahweh. Psalms of vigil, such as Psalms 17, 27, and 63, and Ezekiel 8:16 similarly suggest that the sun evoked at least the luminescent dimension of the divine presence, perhaps in keeping with a solar interpretation of Yahweh (compare Zephaniah 1:3; Sirach 49:7; Baruch 4:24). It might be argued that the simile for the appearance of the high priest in Ben Sira 50:7, “like the sun shining on the temple of the King”, derived from solar theophanic language in the context of the temple. Other passages, such as Joshua 10:12-13, suggest the sun (and the moon) as deities ultimately subservient to Yahweh. There are other instances of solar metaphor for Yahweh. These include describing Yahweh with the verbal root “rise,” in Deuteronomy 33:2, Isaiah 60:1, Hosea 6:3, and once in the Kuntillet ‘Ajrûd inscriptions. This word is the normal verb for the rising of the sun ..."

Smith, Mark S. The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel (p. 149) William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2002

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