Deuteronomy 32:43

Hebrew Bible

42 I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword will devour flesh—the blood of the slaughtered and captured, the chief of the enemy’s leaders.’” 43 Cry out, O nations, with his people, for he will avenge his servants’ blood; he will take vengeance against his enemies, and make atonement for his land and people. 44 Then Moses went with Joshua son of Nun and recited all the words of this song to the people.

2 Maccabees 8:3


2 They implored the Lord to look upon the people who were oppressed by all; and to have pity on the temple that had been profaned by the godless; 3 to have mercy on the city that was being destroyed and about to be leveled to the ground; to hearken to the blood that cried out to him; 4 to remember also the lawless destruction of the innocent babies and the blasphemies committed against his name; and to show his hatred of evil. 5 As soon as Maccabeus got his army organized, the Gentiles could not withstand him, for the wrath of the Lord had turned to mercy.

 Notes and References

"... 1 Enoch 7:6 ... The earth on which blood is shed relays the cry for such vengeance. Here the voice 'brings accusation against' the giants. The idiom is doubtless translates (compare 1 Enoch 22:5) an Aramaic technical term for bringing suit in court. For this usage with reference to an earthly court, compare 1 Enoch 103:4. For the theological usage compare 1QapGen 20:14 also 11QtgJob 8:2. As the ensuing narrative will show, the function of the cry here is to catalyze divine judgment. For this pattern, compare Deuteronomy 32:43 and its interpretations in Testament of Moses 9:7 and 2 Maccabees 8:3-4. For the same motif, compare Revelation 6:9-10. This complex of elements - the cry, its mediation by angels, and its function as catalyst - are additions to the biblical account ..."

Nickelsburg, George W. E. A Commentary on the Book of 1 Enoch Chapters 1-36, 81-108 (p. 187) Fortress Press, 2001

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