21 The Lord will single him out for judgment from all the tribes of Israel according to all the curses of the covenant written in this scroll of the law. 22 The generation to come—your descendants who will rise up after you, as well as the foreigner who will come from distant places—will see the afflictions of that land and the illnesses that the Lord has brought on it. 23 The whole land will be covered with brimstone, salt, and burning debris; it will not be planted nor will it sprout or produce grass. It will resemble the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboyim, which the Lord destroyed in his intense anger. 24 Then all the nations will ask, ‘Why has the Lord done all this to this land? What is this fierce, heated display of anger all about?’ 25 Then people will say, ‘Because they abandoned the covenant of the Lord, the God of their ancestors, which he made with them when he brought them out of the land of Egypt.
6 A sword will flash in their cities; it will destroy the bars of their city gates, and will devour them in their fortresses. 7 My people are obsessed with turning away from me; they call to Baal, but he will never exalt them! 8 “How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I surrender you, O Israel? How can I treat you like Admah? How can I make you like Zeboyim? I have had a change of heart. All my tender compassions are aroused. 9 I cannot carry out my fierce anger! I cannot totally destroy Ephraim! Because I am God, and not man—the Holy One among you—I will not come in wrath! 10 “He will roar like a lion, and they will follow the Lord; when he roars, his children will come trembling from the west.
Notes and References
"... A sudden shift provides hope for Israel. After Israel’s full punishment for disloyalty has taken place (through Assyria’s conquest and exile of Israel), Yahweh will restore his people. This follows the pattern of events predicted in Deuteronomy 4:25–31. In exile, Israel will turn back to Yahweh. On the basis of this repentance, Yahweh will restore the nation: “Yahweh your God is a merciful God. He will not abandon or destroy you, or forget the covenant with your forefathers, which he confirmed to them by oath” (verse 31). Hosea 11:8–11 poetically renews this promise. As a nation in the land of Canaan, Israel was finished. But in terms of God’s plans for the world, his people’s history had just entered its second stage. The sayings which follow must be understood in this light ..."
Stuart, Douglas Word Biblical Commentary: Hosea-Jonah (p. 407) HarperCollins, 2020