Exodus 22:26

Hebrew Bible

24 and my anger will burn and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives will be widows and your children will be fatherless. 25 “If you lend money to any of my people who are needy among you, do not be like a moneylender to him; do not charge him interest. 26 If you do take the garment of your neighbor in pledge, you must return it to him by the time the sun goes down, 27 for it is his only covering—it is his garment for his body. What else can he sleep in? And when he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am gracious. 28 “You must not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people.

Deuteronomy 24:17

Hebrew Bible

15 You must pay his wage that very day before the sun sets, for he is poor and his life depends on it. Otherwise he will cry out to the Lord against you, and you will be guilty of sin. 16 Fathers must not be put to death for what their children do, nor children for what their fathers do; each must be put to death for his own sin. 17 You must not pervert justice due a resident foreigner or an orphan, or take a widow’s garment as security for a loan. 18 Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and that the Lord your God redeemed you from there; therefore I am commanding you to do all this. 19 Whenever you reap your harvest in your field and leave some unraked grain there, you must not return to get it; it should go to the resident foreigner, orphan, and widow so that the Lord your God may bless all the work you do.

 Notes and References

"... In the call to social justice, the Bible does not idealize or romanticize poverty. Poverty is human need, social distress, and suffering and it is contrary to God’s will. The Bible acknowledges poverty as a social reality and encourages a response of willing generosity. ... The Bible portrays God as an advocate for the poor. He is their refuge, he hears their needy cries, he provides for them, and he secures justice for them. All people, rich or poor, male or female, young or old, Jew or Gentile have dignity and value as persons made in God’s image and thus have one Father. The Old Testament contains a considerable body of legislation aimed at providing justice for those socially disadvantaged. For example: Gleaning laws provided for the poor (Leviticus 19:9–10; Deuteronomy 24:17–22); A special tithe was collected for the poor (Deuteronomy 14:28–29; 26:12); The sabbatical year allowed the poor to eat of the fallow land (Leviticus 25:1–7; Deuteronomy 15:1–11); The poor deserve impartial judgment, neither favored nor oppressed due to their status (Exodus 23:3–11; 30:15; Leviticus 19:15); The poor were not to be denied justice nor exploited (Exodus 23:6); The poor among Israel were not to be charged interest on loans (Exodus 22:25); Certain items of security o ered by the poor in lending was to be returned each day (Exodus 22:26–27; Deuteronomy 24:12–13); The poor were allowed to make less expensive o erings (Leviticus 5:7, 11; 27:8) ..."

Hill, Andrew E. and John H. Walton A Survey of the Old Testament (pp. 1394-1395) Zondervan, 2009

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