Deuteronomy 18:10

Hebrew Bible

8 He must eat the same share they do, despite any profits he may gain from the sale of his family’s inheritance. 9 When you enter the land the Lord your God is giving you, you must not learn the abhorrent practices of those nations. 10 There must never be found among you anyone who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, anyone who practices divination, an omen reader, a soothsayer, a sorcerer, 11 one who casts spells, one who conjures up spirits, a practitioner of the occult, or a necromancer. 12 Whoever does these things is abhorrent to the Lord, and because of these detestable things the Lord your God is about to drive them out from before you.

Wisdom of Solomon 12:4


2 Therefore you correct little by little those who trespass, and you remind and warn them of the things through which they sin, so that they may be freed from wickedness and put their trust in you, O Lord. 3 Those who lived long ago in your holy land 4 you hated for their detestable practices, their works of sorcery and unholy rites, 5 their merciless slaughter of children, and their sacrificial feasting on human flesh and blood. These initiates from the midst of a heathen cult, 6 these parents who murder helpless lives, you willed to destroy by the hands of our ancestors,

 Notes and References

"... By the time the reader arrives at “the works of the flesh” vice list (Galatians 5:19–21), there is little surprise to find overlap with the opponents. This is not to suggest that the opponents are guilty of the entire list but that several features of the list are precisely aimed at the opponents. The return to slavery under the στοιχεῖα which are “not gods” (Galatians 4:8-11) is a form of “idolatry” (Galatians 5:20). The opponents are making Paul an “enemy” of the Galatians (Galatians 4:16), causing “enmity” (Galatians 5:19). They “pay zealous court” to the Galatians for their own advantage (Galatians 4:17), embodying fleshy “jealousy” (Galatians 5:20). The “envy” of the opponents is displayed in their use of the evil eye (Galatians 3:1). Paul even includes “magic” among the “works of the flesh” (Galatians 5:20). The etiology for magical arts, and specifically φαρμακεία, is the rebellious descent of the Watchers found in 1 Enoch 7:1; 8:3. (See also Exodus 7:1; Deuteronomy 18:10; 2 Kings 9:22; 2 Chronicles 33:6; Isaiah 47:9, 12; Daniel 2:2; Micah 5:11; Nahum 3:4; Malachi 3:5) Although the Evil Eye (Galatians 3:1) is typically associated with “envy,” Paul may have also considered it a form of “magic” ... The noun “magic” φαρμακεία is rare in Second Temple literature, only twice in the New Testament (Galatians 5:20; Revelation 18:23), eight times in the LXX (Exodus 7:11, 22; 8:3, 14; Wisdom of Solomon 12:4; 18:13; Isaiah 47:9, 12) where it refers to sorcery somewhat broadly. In Philo and Josephus it is specifically associated with “poison” ..."

Stewart, Tyler Allen "The Present Evil Age": The Origin and Persistence of Evil in Galatians (pp. 235-236) Marquette University, 2019

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