Deuteronomy 12:8

Hebrew Bible

6 And there you must take your burnt offerings, your sacrifices, your tithes, the personal offerings you have prepared, your votive offerings, your freewill offerings, and the firstborn of your herds and flocks. 7 Both you and your families must feast there before the Lord your God and rejoice in all the output of your labor with which he has blessed you. 8 You must not do as we are doing here today, with everyone doing what is right in their eyes, 9 for you have not yet come to the final stop and inheritance the Lord your God is giving you. 10 When you do go across the Jordan River and settle in the land he is granting you as an inheritance and you find relief from all the enemies who surround you, you will live in safety.

Judges 17:6

Hebrew Bible

4 When he gave the silver back to his mother, she took 200 pieces of silver to a silversmith, who made them into a carved image and a metal image. She then put them in Micah’s house. 5 Now this man Micah owned a shrine. He made an ephod and some personal idols and hired one of his sons to serve as a priest. 6 In those days Israel had no king. Each man did what was right in his own eyes.14 7 There was a young man from Bethlehem in Judah. He was a Levite who had been temporarily residing among the tribe of Judah. 8 This man left the town of Bethlehem in Judah to find another place to live. He came to the Ephraimite hill country and made his way to Micah’s house.

 Notes and References

"... Various figures of speech confirm the evaluative nature of the term: Something is good (more ingressively yatab) in the judgment (bene “in the eyes”) of those who expect benefit, assistance from it. The subject is usually impersonal, a thing (exceptions: Numbers 36:6; 1 Samuel 29:6, 9, not “dear” but “helpful/salvific like an angel”; Esther 2:4, 9; 8:5; Nehemiah 2:5). The genitive dependent on bene is a person able to assess suitability for a goal and to decide (an action that can be thoroughly indifferent ethically; compare Genesis 19:8; Judges 19:24; 1 Samuel 11:10; Jeremiah 26:14; Malachi 2:17). This person can be a ruler (Genesis 41:37; 45:16; 1 Samuel 14:36, 40; 24:5; 29:6, 9; 2 Samuel 19:19, 28, 38; 2 Kings 10:5; Esther 1:21; 2:4, 9), a patriarch or an individual (Genesis 16:6; 20:15; Leviticus 10:20; Deuteronomy 1:23; Joshua 9:25; 1 Samuel 1:23; 2 Samuel 19:39; 24:22 = 1 Chronicles 21:23; 1 Kings 21:2; Jeremiah 40:4; Esther 3:11), or a people or a group (Genesis 34:18; Numbers 36:6; Joshua 22:30, 33; 1 Samuel 18:5; 2 Samuel 3:19, 36; 18:4; Esther 8:8; Zechariah 11:12). In later texts, 'al can replace bene (Esther 3:9; 5:4, 8; 7:3; 9:13; Nehemiah 2:5, 7; 1 Chronicles 13:2; to be distinguished from this usage are Esther 7:9; 1 Samuel 20:13), as can lephanim (Ecclesiastes 2:26; 7:26; Esther 5:14; Nehemiah 2:5f.). If “God” is dependent upon bene as a genitive, the reference is to that which corresponds to his will (Numbers 24:1; Judges 10:15; 1 Samuel 3:18; 2 Samuel 10:12; compare 1 Chronicles 19:13; 2 Samuel 15:26; 1 Kings 3:10; 2 Kings 20:3 = Isaiah 38:3), to his cultic (Leviticus 10:19; 2 Chronicles 31:20 with lephanim) or ethical (Deuteronomy 6:18; 12:28; 2 Chronicles 14:1) norm. God can gain no assistance from human action (compare Psalm 50:12) ..."

Jenni, Ernst, and Claus Westermann Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament (pp. 644-645) Hendrickson Publishers, 1997

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