Deuteronomy 10:17

Hebrew Bible

15 However, only to your ancestors did he show his loving favor, and he chose you, their descendants, from all peoples—as is apparent today. 16 Therefore, circumcise your hearts and stop being so stubborn! 17 For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, mighty, and awesome God who is unbiased and takes no bribe, 18 who justly treats the orphan and widow, and who loves resident foreigners, giving them food and clothing. 19 So you must love the resident foreigner because you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

1 Enoch 9:4


3 'And now to you, the holy ones of heaven, the souls of men plead, saying, "Present our case before the Most High."' 4 And they said to the Lord of the ages: 'Lord of lords, God of gods, King of kings, and God of the ages, the throne of Your glory stands through all generations, and Your name is holy and glorious and blessed through all ages! 5 You have created all things, and over all things, You have power: all things are open and visible in Your sight, and You see all things, and nothing can hide from You.

 Notes and References

"... First, the writer reminds masters that “both their and your Master is in heaven,” whereas Colossians 4:1 simply has “you also have a Master in heaven.” Then he adds “and there is no partiality with him.” This thought has now been employed in connection with both groups in Ephesians (compare the equivalent “whether slave or free” in verse 8) in contrast to Colossians, where it is only used in regard to slaves. Mitton notes the appropriateness of the emphasis on impartiality being used in the address to masters rather than to slaves, since the higher up in social status people feel themselves to be, the more likely they are to expect to be accorded special consideration. The noun προσωπολημψία, “partiality” (compare Colossians 3:25; Romans 2:11), comes from the Hebraistic verbal expression πρόσωπον λαμβάνειν, “to show partiality, to judge purely at face value or on the basis of external factors” (compare Leviticus 19:15; Deuteronomy 10:17; Sirach 4:22, 27; 1 Esdras 4:39; Luke 20:21; Galatians 2:6; Barnabas 19:4; Didache 4:3). In the Old Testament and Jewish writings, impartiality in judgment is attributed to God (compare especially Sirach 35:11–13; Jubilees 5:15–19; Psalms of Solomon 2:18; compare also Romans 2:11; 1 Peter 1:17), but here and in Colossians this is transferred to Christ as Lord ..."

Lincoln, Andrew T. Word Biblical Commentary: Ephesians (p. 1206) Zondervan, 2017

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