Daniel 8:23

Hebrew Bible

21 The male goat is the king of Greece, and the large horn between its eyes is the first king. 22 The horn that was broken and in whose place there arose four others stands for four kingdoms that will arise from his nation, though they will not have his strength. 23 Toward the end of their rule, when rebellious acts are complete, a rash and deceitful king will arise. 24 His power will be great, but it will not be by his strength alone. He will cause terrible destruction. He will be successful in what he undertakes. He will destroy powerful people and the people of the holy ones. 25 By his treachery he will succeed through deceit. He will have an arrogant attitude, and he will destroy many who are unaware of his schemes. He will rise up against the Prince of princes, yet he will be broken apart—but not by human agency.

2 Maccabees 6:14


12 Now I urge those who read this book not to be depressed by such calamities, but to recognize that these punishments were designed not to destroy but to discipline our people. 13 In fact, it is a sign of great kindness not to let the impious alone for long, but to punish them immediately. 14 For in the case of the other nations the Lord waits patiently to punish them until they have reached the full measure of their sins; but he does not deal in this way with us, 15 in order that he may not take vengeance on us afterward when our sins have reached their height. 16 Therefore he never withdraws his mercy from us. Although he disciplines us with calamities, he does not forsake his own people.

 Notes and References

"... Daniel 8:23 ... when crimes reach their full measure. Literally, 'when crimes are complete' For the same sense, compare 9:24: 'until crime is stopped and sins brought to full measure' and also 2 Maccabees 6:14: 'The Lord waits patiently to punish the other nations until they have reached the full measure of their sins.' This concept was traditional in Israel, from Genesis 15:16 ('The iniquity of the Amorites will not have run its course until then') to Matthew 20:32 ('You fill up the measure of your fathers'). Therefore, the reading of the Syriac and Vulgate (compare LXX and Theodotian) is preferable to the reading of the Masoretic text ..."

Hartman, Louis F. The Anchor Yale Bible: Daniel (p. 181) Yale University Press, 2021

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