Amos 9:5

Hebrew Bible

4 Even when their enemies drive them into captivity, from there I will command the sword to kill them. I will not let them out of my sight; they will experience disaster, not prosperity.” 5 The Sovereign Lord of Heaven’s Armies will do this. He touches the earth and it dissolves; all who live on it mourn. The whole earth rises like the Nile River and then grows calm like the Nile in Egypt. 6 He builds the upper rooms of his palace in heaven and sets its foundation supports on the earth. He summons the water of the sea and pours it out on the earth’s surface. The Lord is his name. 7 “You Israelites are just like the Ethiopians in my sight,” says the Lord. “Certainly I brought Israel up from the land of Egypt, but I also brought the Philistines from Caphtor and the Arameans from Kir.

Psalm 46:6

Hebrew Bible

4 The river’s channels bring joy to the city of God, the special, holy dwelling place of the Most High. 5 God lives within it, it cannot be moved. God rescues it at the break of dawn. 6 Nations are in uproar, kingdoms are overthrown. God gives a shout, the earth dissolves. 7 The Lord of Heaven’s Armies is on our side. The God of Jacob is our stronghold. (Selah) 8 Come, Witness the exploits of the Lord, who brings devastation to the earth.

 Notes and References

"... This combination [the affliction of the earth and nations] features also in Psalm 99:1, 97:3–5, 46:6-7; and Amos 9:5 (in which latter passage, the earth trembles and those who dwell in it mourn), though at times just the nations will be involved: see Exodus 15:14, Isaiah 63:1–6, Zechariah 9:15. Conversely, the trembling of the earth in Psalm 68:8–9 and Judges 5:4–5 is merely accompanied by dripping skies rather than immediate distress among the peoples (though such distress and/or the victory of Yahweh / Israel is clearly in view in the wider context: see Psalm 68:2, 13, 15 and compare Judges 5:13 and the narrative flow of the latter poem in particular); and in Micah 1:4, the mountains and valley melt / burst open like wax or cascading water in more volcanic mode, again without a direct human parallel (though again this is implied: note verses 2, 6–16, especially verses 5-6) ..."

Watson, Rebecca S. "'Was your Wrath Against the Rivers?' Focusing the Debate in Habakkuk 3" in Watson, Rebecca, and Adrian Curtis (eds.) Conversations on Canaanite and Biblical Themes: Creation, Chaos and Monotheism (pp. 61-77) De Gruyter, 2021

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