4Q266

Dead Sea Scrolls (Damascus Document)

They shall be inscribed in the order, one after another, each according to his understanding and his deeds in the Law, that all may obey one another, the man of lesser rank the greater. And they shall examine their spirit and their deeds in the Law yearly so that each man may be advanced in accordance with [his] un[derstanding] or moved down in accordance with his aberrations. They shall rebuke one another (in) loving-kindness. Let no man address his companion with anger or ill-temper or wicked envy. Also let no man accuse his companion before the Congregation without having rebuked him before witnesses. These are the ways in which all of them shall walk, each man with his companion, wherever they dwell. [The man of lesser rank] shall ob[ey] the greater in matters of work and pro[perty. And they shall e]at [in common] and bless in common and delibera[te] in common. Source

Date: 100 B.C.E. - 80 B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Matthew 18:16

New Testament

15If your brother sins, go and show him his fault when the two of you are alone. If he listens to you, you have regained your brother. 16 But if he does not listen, take one or two others with you, so that at the testimony of two or three witnesses every matter may be established. 17 If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. If he refuses to listen to the church, treat him like a Gentile or a tax collector. 18 “I tell you the truth, whatever you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven, and whatever you release on earth will have been released in heaven. 19 Again, I tell you the truth, if two of you on earth agree about whatever you ask, my Father in heaven will do it for you. Source

Date: 70-90 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

"... Not only in the terms in which the Sect describes itself but also in the discipline which it imposed on itself are we recalled to the New Testament. Here again I can only refer to the most striking instance. In Matt. 18:15-17, where we have a discussion of church discipline, we find rules laid down which have almost an exact equivalent in DSD ... As we shall have occasion to note later, much in the practice of the Sect is very similar to what emerged in the early Church."

Davies, W. D. Christian Origins and Judaism (p. 103) Westminster Press, 1962

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... Not only in the terms in which the Sect describes itself but also in the discipline which it imposed on itself are we recalled to the New Testament. Here again I can only refer to the most striking instance. In Matt. 18:15-17, where we have a discussion of church discipline, we find rules laid down which have almost an exact equivalent in DSD ... As we shall have occasion to note later, much in the practice of the Sect is very similar to what emerged in the early Church."

Davies, W. D. Christian Origins and Judaism (p. 103) Westminster Press, 1962

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.