2 Samuel 24:16

Hebrew Bible

14 David said to Gad, “I am very upset! I prefer that we be attacked by the Lord, for his mercy is great; I do not want to be attacked by human hands!” 15 So the Lord sent a plague through Israel from the morning until the completion of the appointed time, and 70,000 people died from Dan to Beer Sheba. 16 When the angel extended his hand to destroy Jerusalem, the Lord relented from his judgment. He told the angel who was killing the people, “That’s enough! Stop now!” (Now the angel of the Lord was near the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.) 17 When he saw the angel who was destroying the people, David said to the Lord, “Look, it is I who have sinned and done this evil thing! As for these sheep—what have they done? Attack me and my family.”

2 Kings 19:35

Hebrew Bible

32 So this is what the Lord has said about the king of Assyria: “He will not enter this city, nor will he shoot an arrow here. He will not attack it with his shield-carrying warriors, nor will he build siege works against it. 33 He will go back the way he came. He will not enter this city,” says the Lord. 34 “‘I will shield this city and rescue it for the sake of my reputation and because of my promise to David my servant.’” 35 That very night the angel of the Lord went out and killed 185,000 in the Assyrian camp. When they got up early the next morning, there were all the corpses. 36 So King Sennacherib of Assyria broke camp and went on his way. He went home and stayed in Nineveh.

 Notes and References

"... Mashit is often used as a simple term relating to destruction, and can refer to national destruction, as in 1 Samuel 13:17, 14:15, Jeremiah 2:30, 4:7, and Judges 20:42; to self-destructive behavior, as in Proverbs 6:32; or to religious abomination, as in 2 Kings 23:13 and Isaiah 1:4. Most often, however, the term is used to refer to destruction by Yahweh, either directly or through angels or other means, as in Genesis 19:13-14, Exodus 12:13, 2 Samuel 24:16 and 1 Chronicles 21:12-15, Ezekiel 5:16, 9:6-8, and Jeremiah 22:7. Genesis 19:13-14 demonstrates the parallel use of the verb for destruction by Yahweh and by his angels: in verse 13, the angels say, “For we are about to destroy this place”, and in verse 14, Lot gives his family the same warning, “For Yahweh is about to destroy the city”. The term mashit is also used as a title for a type of divine being, however, as for the character who passes over Israel in Egypt in Exodus 12:23, and the angel in the census in 1 Chronicles 21 ... Meier emphasizes the distinct role of the Destroyer as that of annihilating large groups of people. He compares the Near Eastern plague deities, and specifically Erra in the Erra Epic and Namtar in Atrahasis. Some scholars refer to the angel of 2 Kings 19:35 as similar to the mashit of Exodus 12:23 as well, but it should be noted that in this case not only is the title not used, the verb does not appear at all ..."

Hamori, Esther J. When Gods Were Men: The Embodied God in Biblical and Near Eastern Literature (pp. 124-125) De Gruyter, 2008

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