2 Kings 24:6

Hebrew Bible

1 During Jehoiakim’s reign, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon attacked. Jehoiakim was his subject for three years, but then he rebelled against him. 2 The Lord sent against him Babylonian, Syrian, Moabite, and Ammonite raiding bands; he sent them to destroy Judah, just as in the Lord’s message that he had announced through his servants the prophets. 3 Just as the Lord had announced, he rejected Judah because of all the sins that Manasseh had committed. 4 Because he killed innocent people and stained Jerusalem with their blood, the Lord was unwilling to forgive them. 5 The rest of the events of Jehoiakim’s reign and all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 6 He passed away and his son Jehoiachin replaced him as king.

2 Chronicles 35:6

Hebrew Bible

5 Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned for eleven years in Jerusalem. He did evil in the sight of the Lord his God. 6 King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon attacked him, bound him with bronze chains, and carried him away to Babylon. 7 Nebuchadnezzar took some of the items in the Lord’s temple to Babylon and put them in his palace there.

Daniel 1:2

Hebrew Bible

1 In the third year of the reign of King Jehoiakim of Judah, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon advanced against Jerusalem and laid it under siege. 2 Now the Lord delivered King Jehoiakim of Judah into his power, along with some of the vessels of the temple of God. He brought them to the land of Shinar10 to the temple of his god and put the vessels in the treasury of his god. 3 The king commanded Ashpenaz, who was in charge of his court officials, to choose some of the Israelites who were of royal and noble descent—

 Notes and References

"... A number of data in this account fail to find corroboration either in other biblical accounts or in the Babylonian Chronicles. In the third year of Jehoiakim (609/608 B.C.E.), Nebuchadnezzar was not yet king in Babylon, and the span of Jehoiakim’s reign was eleven years (2 Kings 23:36 = 2 Chronicles 36:5). According to 2 Kings, although Nebuchadnezzar did in time come against Jehoiakim in Jerusalem, Jehoiakim died in Jerusalem during that siege and was never taken to Babylon: he “slept with his fathers” (2 Kings 24:6). Additionally, Jehoiakim was not the last king of Judah, as Daniel 1:1–2 implies, but was succeeded by his son Jehoiachin, who in turn was replaced by Zedekiah (2 Kings 24:8, 17; 2 Chronicles 36:9, 10). The ends of the reigns of these last two kings of Jerusalem—Jehoiachin and Zedekiah—correspond to the great deportations of 597 B.C.E. and 586 B.C.E. As commentators have agreed upon since at least 1835, the errors of the first verses of the book of Daniel arise from its attempt to harmonize the con icting literary accounts of 2 Chronicles 36 (on which Daniel principally depends) and of 2 Kings 24. In the Chronicler’s account, both Jehoiakim and Jehoiachin are, by turns, spirited off to Babylon; Daniel 1:2 echoes almost precisely the Chronicler’s description of Jehoiakim’s alleged abduction (2 Chronicles 36:6–7; recall the contradictory account of 2 Kings, in which Jehoiakim “slept with his fathers” in Jerusalem). Aware of this contradiction, Daniel draws from 2 Kings 24:1 the datum (lacking in 2 Chronicles) that King Jehoiakim “became [Nebuchadnezzar’s] vassal for three years”: this “three years” has become, in Daniel 1:1, the “third year” of Jehoiakim’s reign ..."

Lester, G. Brooke Daniel Evokes Isaiah: Allusive Characterization of Foreign Rule in the Hebrew-Aramaic Book of Daniel (pp. 35-36) Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2015

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