1 Kings 10:2

Hebrew Bible

1 When the queen of Sheba heard about Solomon, she came to challenge him with difficult questions. 2 She arrived in Jerusalem with a great display of pomp, bringing with her camels carrying spices, a very large quantity of gold, and precious gems. She visited Solomon and discussed with him everything that was on her mind. 3 Solomon answered all her questions; there was no question too complex for the king. 4 When the queen of Sheba saw for herself Solomon’s extensive wisdom, the palace he had built, 5 the food in his banquet hall, his servants and attendants, their robes, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings which he presented in the Lord’s temple, she was amazed.

Isaiah 60:5

Hebrew Bible

4 Look all around you! They all gather and come to you—your sons come from far away, and your daughters are escorted by guardians. 5 Then you will look and smile, you will be excited and your heart will swell with pride. For the riches of distant lands will belong to you, and the wealth of nations will come to you. 6 Camel caravans will cover your roads, young camels from Midian and Ephah. All the merchants of Sheba will come, bringing gold and incense and singing praises to the Lord. 7 All the sheep of Kedar will be gathered to you; the rams of Nebaioth will be available to you as sacrifices. They will go up on my altar acceptably, and I will bestow honor on my majestic temple.

 Notes and References

"... Another candidate text is the narrative of the Queen of Sheba in 1 Kings 10:1–13. The Jewish nation was, at the time of Solomon, in an ideal state: united, prosperous, and at its geographically largest. Just as Jerusalem’s glory shines forth, beckoning the Gentile pilgrims in Isaiah 60:1–3, the queen hears of 'the fame of Solomon concerning the name of Yahweh' (LXX: 'the name of Solomon and the name of the Lord'). Most of the ideas from Isaiah 60:5, 11 are present here - material wealth is being carried by Gentiles on a pilgrimage to the king of the Jews in Jerusalem - yet only one Gentile figure (albeit with her retinue) is in view, a human king is on the throne, and her gift, though possibly expressing subservience, is not compulsory to the extent that one might think of with tribute. Thus, this account may be classified as highly suggestive of an intertextual echo, especially in view of the potential typological significance of Solomon and the queen (compare Matthew 12:42) ..."

Cruise, Charles E. The 'Weath of the Nations': A Study in the Intertextuality of Isaiah 60:5,11 (pp. 283-297) JETS 5/8, 2015

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