1 Enoch 89:67


65 But they shall not know it, and thou shalt not declare it to them, nor admonish them, but only record against each individual all the destruction which the shepherds effect each in his time and lay it all before me." 66 And I saw till those shepherds pastured in their season, and they began to slay and to destroy more than they were bidden, and they delivered those sheep into the hand of the lions. 67 And the lions and tigers eat and devoured the greater part of those sheep, and the wild boars eat along with them; and they burnt that tower and demolished that house.

Barnabas 16:5

Epistle of Barnabas

3 Furthermore He saith again; Behold they that pulled down this temple themselves shall build it. 4 So it cometh to pass; for because they went to war it was pulled down by their enemies. Now also the very servants of their enemies shall build it up. 5 Again, it was revealed how the city and the temple and the people of Israel should be betrayed. For the scripture saith; And it shall be in the last days, that the Lord shall deliver up the sheep of the pasture and the fold and the tower thereof to destruction. And it came to pass as the Lord spake.

 Notes and References

"... James VanderKam notes the widespread use of 1 Enoch in early Christianity and makes the point that it is highly unlikely that the early Christians, who were significantly influenced by Jewish canonical views, would have such high regard for a book that had no standing within the Jewish community.0 For example, besides the reference to 1 Enoch in the Epistle of Barnabas (16.5) noted above, acceptance of 1 Enoch in early Christianity is among such notables as Athenagoras, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria, Bardaisan, the author of the Pseudo-Clementine literature, Julius Africanus, Origen, Commodian, Zosimus, Cyprian, as well as some earlier Gnostic literature. The book is also found in the Chester Beatty papyri (ca. 200 CE) along with Sirach, and it is not distinguished from other biblical books.3! Augustine is apparently the first notable church leader who rejected 1 Enoch as a canonical book. However, that book was translated into Ethiopic (Ge'ez) between the fourth and fifth centuries and continues as a canonical text (as does Jubilees) in the Abyssinian Church today ..."

McDonald, Lee Martin Forgotten Scriptures: The Selection and Rejection of Early Religious Writings (p. 136) Westminster John Knox Press, 2009

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.