1 Enoch 7:1


1 And all the others together with them took unto themselves wives, and each chose for himself one, and they began to go in unto them and to defile themselves with them, and they taught them charms and enchantments, and the cutting of roots, and made them acquainted with plants. 2 And they became pregnant, and they bare great giants, whose height was three thousand ells: 3 Who consumed all the acquisitions of men. And when men could no longer sustain them,

4Q201 1

The Enoch Scroll
Dead Sea Scrolls

... And these are [the names of their chiefs]. Shemihazah who was their head, Arataqo]ph, his second; Ramta[el, third] to him; Kokabe [l, fourth to him;... el, fif]th to him; Ramae[l, sixth to him;] Daniel, seve[nth to him; Ziqiel (cf. Ena,c), eigh]th to him; Baraqel, nin[th to him]; Asael, tenth [to him; Hermoni (Enc), eleven]th to him; Matarel, twelf[th to him]; Ananel, thirteenth [to him]; Stawel, [fo]urteenth to him; Shamshi[el, fif]teenth to him; Shahriel, [s]ixteenth to him; Tummiel, seven[teenth to him]; Turiel, eighteenth to him; Yomiel, nine[teenth] to him; [Yehaddiel, twentieth to him.] These are the chiefs of the chiefs of tens. The[se and] their [ch]iefs [took for themselves] wives from all those whom they chose and [they began to go in to them and defile themselves with them and to teach them sorcery and magic] ... And they became pregnant by them and bo[re giants] ...

 Notes and References

"... On the basis of literary dependence and thematic similarity, scholars consider Genesis 6:1–2, 4 as the source text especially for 1 Enoch 6:1–2 and 7:1–2, where the only major departure from the biblical text is the presentation of sexual intercourse between the sons of God and mortal women as sinful. Then, it is claimed, creative reinterpretation of the primeval story attested in Genesis 6–11 generated the rest of 1 Enoch 6–11. Through the lens of its relationship to the biblical primeval story, the myth is understood as an etiological explanation of evil and violence on the earth caused by the rebellion of the angelic beings, who by mating with the women transgressed the divinely established order inherent in the created world. Józef T. Milik, the editor of the Aramaic fragments of 1 Enoch from Qumran, reverses the direction of dependence between the two texts and claims that the Genesis mythological account, which literally repeats two or three phrases from 4Q201 and 4Q202, abbreviates chapters 6–7 of 1 Enoch. Thus, the abridged and allusive formulation of Genesis 6:1–4 deliberately refers back to the Enochic document. Some scholars have accepted Milik’s proposal but stress the possibility that the relationship stems from a common source ..."

Drawnel, Henryk "The Reception of Genesis 6:1-4 in 1 Enoch 6-7" in Dubovský, Peter, and Federico Giuntoli (eds.) Stones, Tablets, and Scrolls: Periods of the Formation of the Bible (pp. 461-483) Mohr Siebeck, 2020

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