1 Enoch 54:6


4 And I asked the angel of peace who went with me, saying: 'For whom are these chains being prepared?' 5 And he said unto me: 'These are being prepared for the hosts of Azâzêl, so that they may take them and cast them into the abyss of complete condemnation, and they shall cover their jaws with rough stones as the Lord of Spirits commanded. 6 And Michael, and Gabriel, and Raphael, and Phanuel shall take hold of them on that great day, and cast them on that day into the burning furnace, that the Lord of Spirits may take vengeance on them for their unrighteousness in becoming subject to Satan and leading astray those who dwell on the earth.' 7 'And in those days shall punishment come from the Lord of Spirits, and he will open all the chambers of waters which are above the heavens, and of the fountains which are beneath the earth. 8 And all the waters shall be joined with the waters: that which is above the heavens is the masculine, and the water which is beneath the earth is the feminine.

Wisdom of Solomon 2:24


22 and they did not know the secret purposes of God, nor hoped for the wages of holiness, nor discerned the prize for blameless souls; 23 for God created us for incorruption, and made us in the image of his own eternity, 24 but through the devil's envy death entered the world, and those who belong to his company experience it.

 Notes and References

"... Eve was deceived by the serpent, disobeyed God’s prohibition, and bore the consequences of her own transgression (Gen 3:1-6,13, 16; 1 Enoch 69.4-7; Jubilees 1:38-45; Apocalypse of Moses 15:1; 30:1). The Hebrew Bible never blames her for bringing sin and death into the world. Some rabbis blame her (Sirach 25.24; 2 Baruch 48:42-43; Apocalypse of Moses 10:2; 11.1-3; 14.1-2; 21.5-6; Vita 44.2-4; Genesis Rabbah 17:8; 20:11; 22:2; 28:2) and Adam (2 Baruch 17:3; 23:4; 56:5-6; 4 Ezra 3:20-22, 25, 26; 4:30-31; 7:92, 116-118; Apocalypse of Moses 24:1; 27:2-5; 39:1; Genesis Rabbah 16:6; Exodus Rabbah 30:3; Deuteronomy Rabbah 9:8; Ecclesiastes Rabbah 7:13) for bringing death to the human race, but some blame Satan (1 Enoch 54.6; 69.5; Wisdom of Solomon 2.23; Apoclypse of Moses 21:1-5), the Watchers (1 Enoch 6:1-6; 7:1-6; 15:2-12; 16.1; Jubilees 4:15, 22, 23; 5:1-2, 6-11; CD 2.16-18), and the evil yezer (Sirach 17:30-32; 21:11; 2 Enoch 30:8-16; 2 Baruch 54:15, 19; 56:6; 4 Ezra 3:4-11, 21-27; 4:30; Genesis Rabbah 17:6; b. Shabbat 145b-146a). Nonetheless, they also emphasize human free will and individual responsibility for personal actions (Ezekiel 18; Sirach 15:15, 17; 16:12; 21:27; 27:10; 1 Enoch 16; 98:4; 9:14; Wisdom of Solomon 11:16; 12:15; 16:9; 30:15; 2 Enoch 30:13-16; 2 Baruch 17-19). The theory of original sin or individual hereditary sinfulness derived from Eve (or Adam) cannot be adequately traced or justified in early Judaism ..."

Chan, Sariah Yau-wah 1 Timothy 2.13-15 in the Light of Views Concerning Eve and Childbirth in Early Judaism (pp. 189-195) Dallas Thelogical Seminary, 2006

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