1 Enoch 54:6


4 And I asked the angel of peace who went with me, saying: 'For whom are these chains being prepared?' 5 And he said unto me: 'These are being prepared for the hosts of Azâzêl, so that they may take them and cast them into the abyss of complete condemnation, and they shall cover their jaws with rough stones as the Lord of Spirits commanded. 6 And Michael, and Gabriel, and Raphael, and Phanuel shall take hold of them on that great day, and cast them on that day into the burning furnace, that the Lord of Spirits may take vengeance on them for their unrighteousness in becoming subject to Satan and leading astray those who dwell on the earth.' 7 'And in those days shall punishment come from the Lord of Spirits, and he will open all the chambers of waters which are above the heavens, and of the fountains which are beneath the earth. 8 And all the waters shall be joined with the waters: that which is above the heavens is the masculine, and the water which is beneath the earth is the feminine.

Wisdom of Solomon 2:24


22 and they did not know the secret purposes of God, nor hoped for the wages of holiness, nor discerned the prize for blameless souls; 23 for God created us for incorruption, and made us in the image of his own eternity, 24 but through the devil's envy death entered the world, and those who belong to his company experience it.

 Notes and References

"... Eve was deceived by the serpent, disobeyed God’s prohibition, and bore the consequences of her own transgression (Gen 3:1-6,13, 16; 7 Enoch 69.4—7; Jub. 1.38—45; Apoc. Mos. 15.1; 30.1). The Hebrew Bible never blames her for bringing sin and death into the world. Some rabbis blame her (Sir 25.24 [?]; 2 Baruch 48.42-43; Apoc. Mos. 10.2; 11.1-3; 14.1-2; 21.5-6; Vita 44.2-4; Armen.-Georg. 18.1; Gen. Rab. 17.8; 20.11; 22.2; 28.2) and Adam (2 Baruch 17.3; 23.4; 56.5-6; 4 Ezra 3.20-22,25,26; 4.30-31; 7.92,116-118; Apoc. Mos. 24.1; 27.2-5; 39.1; Gen. Rab. 16.6; Exod. Rab. 30.3; Deut. Rab. 9.8; Eccl. Rab. 7.13.1) for bringing death to the human race, but some blame Satan (1 Enoch 54.6; 69.5; Wis 2.23; Apoc. Mos. 21.1-5), the Watchers (1 Enoch 6.1-6; 7.1-6; 15.2-12; 16.1; Jub. 4.15, 22, 23; 5.1-2, 6-11; CD 2.16-18), and the evil yezer (Sir 17.30-32; 21.11; 2 Enoch 30.8-16; 2 Baruch 54.15,19; 56.6; 4 Ezra 3.4-11,21-27; 4.30; Gen. Rab. 17.6; b. Shab. 145b-146a). Nonetheless, they also emphasize human free will and individual responsibility for personal actions (Ezek 18; Sir 15.15, 17; 16.12; 21.27; 27.10; 1 Enoch 16; 98.4; 9.14; Wis 11.16; 12.15; 16.9; 30.15; 2 Enoch 30.13-16; 2 Baruch 17-19). The theory of original sin or individual hereditary sinfulness derived from Eve (or Adam) cannot be adequately traced or justified in early Judaism ..."

Chan, Sariah Yau-wah 1 Timothy 2.13-15 in the Light of Views Concerning Eve and Childbirth in Early Judaism (pp. 189-195) Dallas Thelogical Seminary, 2006

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