1 Enoch 53:3


2 And their hands commit lawless deeds, And the sinners devour all whom they lawlessly oppress: Yet the sinners shall be destroyed before the face of the Lord of Spirits, And they shall be banished from off the face of His earth, And they shall perish for ever and ever. 3 For I saw all the angels of punishment abiding (there) and preparing all the instruments of Satan. 4 And I asked the angel of peace who went with me: 'For whom are they preparing these instruments?' 5 And he said unto me: 'They prepare these for the kings and the mighty of this earth, that they may thereby be destroyed.

2 Enoch 42:1

Secrets of Enoch

1 I saw the key-holders and guards of the gates of hell standing, like great serpents, and their faces like extinguishing lamps, and their eyes of fire, their sharp teeth, and I saw all the Lord’s works, how they are right, while the works of man are some (good), and others bad, and in their works are known those who lie evilly.

 Notes and References

"... Why would theriomorphic creatures, probably demons, be situated in heaven? Their theriomorphic appearance may be connected with the function of the celestial afterworld doorkeepers and probably “angels of punishment” (1 Enoch 53:3; cf. “spirits of retribution” of Testament of Levi 3:2, etc.). This understanding would better correspond to the second account of the Builders, where they have the “appearance of dogs” (3:3). The guarding of the Gates of the afterworld by beasts is a common motif; cf., e.g., in Greek and Roman traditions: Cerberus, Eurynomos of Pausanias (10.28.7), beasts and snakes (Aristophanes, Ran. 143; 278), Hydra (Virgil, Aeneid 6.560; cf. Ovid, Met. 4.451–52 and passim). See also the serpent-like gate keepers of Hades in 2 Enoch 42:1; etc. Although normally the netherworld is meant, in 3 BaruchHades is located in heaven. According to Testament of Isaac 5:8 in the beginning of his heavenly tour the patriarch sees creatures whose “faces were like faces of camels and some were like the faces of dogs; others were like the faces of lions and hyenas and tigers.” ..."

Kulik, Alexander How the Devil Got His Hooves and Horns: The Origin of the Motif and the Implied Demonology of 3 Baruch (p. 220) Brill, 2013

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