1 Enoch 19:2


1 And Uriel said to me: 'Here shall stand the angels who have united with women, and their spirits, taking many different forms, are corrupting mankind and leading them astray to worship demons as gods. Here they shall remain until the day of the great judgment when they will be judged and brought to an end. 2 And the women of the angels who went astray will become sirens.' 3 And I, Enoch, alone saw the vision, the ends of all things: and no man shall see as I have seen.

LXX Isaiah 13:21


19 And Babylon, which is called glorious by the king of the Chaldeans, will be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorra. 20 It will not be inhabited forever, nor will they enter it for many generations, nor will Arabs pass through it, nor will shepherds rest in it. 21 But wild animals will rest there, and the houses will be filled with noise; there sirens will rest, and there demons will dance. 22 Donkey-centaurs will dwell there, and hedgehogs will build nests in their houses; it is coming quickly and will not delay.

 Notes and References

"... Is it possible to trace pure Na'amah in 1 Enoch? At 1 Enoch 19:2, Uriel says of the daughters of men that the angels had seduced (compare 1 Enoch 6: ‘And the wives of these angels who transgressed shall become sirens’). Black was bewildered by the occurrence of ‘Sirens’ here: 'I have retained the Greek term ... Could the original have been (Targum Isaiah 13:21), literally ‘daughters of loveliness’, a term apparently applied to these ‘desert owls’ on account of their attractive looks?' I would like to suggest that, given what we know about Na'amah the Siren, Gnostic Norea, and Esterah / Na'amah, it is more likely that the Aramaic original read (‘daughters of Na'amah’). Accordingly, 1 Enoch 19:2 appears to imply that ‘the daughters of men’, whom the angels forced, would be ultimately redeemed. In that case, we have in 1 Enoch the earliest trace of that minority reaction, which Stroumsa and Pearson have discussed, against the negative descriptions of Na'amah as a seductress. If this suggestion can be sustained, Pearson’s interpretation of Gnostic Norea as the result of a ‘typically gnostic hermeneutical inversion’ is not binding: Gnostic thinkers could have simply developed the pattern they had found in 1 Enoch. Finally, if Na'amah is indeed present in 1 Enoch, the identification of ‘the sons of God’ with the Sethites and ‘the daughters of men’ with the Cainites definitely has its roots in Judaism and can be dated earlier than the time of Josephus ..."

Papoutsakis, Manolis Ostriches into Sirens: Towards an Understanding of a Septuagint Crux (pp. 25-36) Journal of Jewish Studies, Vol. 40, No. 1, 2004

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.