1 Chronicles 5:10

Hebrew Bible

8 and Bela son of Azaz, son of Shema, son of Joel. They lived in Aroer as far as Nebo and Baal Meon. 9 In the east they settled as far as the entrance to the wilderness that stretches to the Euphrates River, for their cattle had increased in numbers in the land of Gilead. 10 During the time of Saul they attacked the Hagrites and defeated them. They took over their territory in the entire eastern region of Gilead. 11 The descendants of Gad lived near them in the land of Bashan, as far as Salecah. 12 They included Joel the leader, Shapham the second-in-command, Janai, and Shaphat in Bashan.

Baruch 3:23


21 Their descendants have strayed far from her way. 22 She has not been heard of in Canaan, or seen in Teman; 23 the descendants of Hagar, who seek for understanding on the earth, the merchants of Merran and Teman, the story-tellers and the seekers for understanding, have not learned the way to wisdom, or given thought to her paths. 24 O Israel, how great is the house of God, how vast the territory that he possesses! 25 It is great and has no bounds; it is high and immeasurable.

 Notes and References

"... In the Bible, Hagar and Ishmael live first in the wilderness of Paran, where he develops as a martial artist, specializing in the bow. Eventually Hagar and Ishmael go home to Egypt. Hagar finds a wife for Ishmael. Were they reunited with Hagar’s family? To what city did they go? Into what family or community did Ishmael marry? Hagar’s journey to Egypt, where she procures a wife for Ishmael (as does Hajar in the hadith), creates a final inverse parallel with the Israelite sojourn in Egypt: Hagar the Egyptian is abused by Sarah the proto-Israelite; Israel is abused by Egypt. Hagar escapes into the wilderness; Israel escapes into the wilderness. Hagar heads toward Egypt; Israel heads away from Egypt. Hagar’s name is never called again in the Hebrew Scriptures, though she is named in Baruch 3:23. Her name may live on in the Hagrites of the First Testament;49 she is reinterpreted in the Second Testament (see Gal. 4:22–25), and midrashed and exegeted in the sacred literatures of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam ..."

Gafney, Wilda Womanist Midrash: A Reintroduction to the Women of the Torah and the Throne (p. 44) Westminster John Knox Press, 2017

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