Date: 30-20 B.C.E.

Publius Vergilius Maro was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He composed three of the most famous poems in Latin literature: the Eclogues, the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid. For the Eclogues, taking as his generic model the Greek bucolic poetry of Theocritus, Virgil created a Roman version partly by offering a dramatic and mythic interpretation of revolutionary change at Rome in the turbulent period between roughly 44 and 38 B.C.E. Virgil introduced political clamor largely absent from Theocritus' poems.