Date: 150-100 B.C.E.

The Book of Jubilees retells the narrative of the book of Genesis and the early chapters of the book of Exodus. The book may reflect a struggle between two Jewish groups, one who was more accepting of Hellenization, and another, who along with the author of Jubilees, radically opposed it. The author of Jubilees stresses the special covenant relationship between God and Israel and may also be witness to an early form of a split in the Jewish community such as between the Essenes and Pharisees.