Sirach 21:27

Deuterocanon (Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus)

22 The foot of a fool rushes into a house, but an experienced person waits respectfully outside. 23 A boor peers into the house from the door, but a cultivated person remains outside. 24 It is ill-mannered for a person to listen at a door; the discreet would be grieved by the disgrace. 25 The lips of babblers speak of what is not their concern, but the words of the prudent are weighed in the balance. 26 The mind of fools is in their mouth, but the mouth of the wise is in their mind. 27 When an ungodly person curses an adversary, he curses himself. 28 A whisperer degrades himself and is hated in his neighborhood. Source

Date: 195-175 B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Origen Homilies on Joshua 15 6

Patristic

For if Satan is one, how can he both be crushed under the feet of the servants of God and also take action again? For if he has been crushed, and crushed by God, he certainly is no longer able to act. Therefore, perhaps there must be as many Satans as there are those who do the works of Satan. For this seems to me to be indicated also in the book of Wisdom, where it is said, “The impious who curse Satan are cursing their own soul.” But also in a certain other little book that is called the Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs, although it is not considered part of the canon, we nevertheless discover the same such meaning—that individual Satans ought to be understood in individual sinners. But, more clearly, as those of the Hebrews who are learned teach, the very interpretation of his name seems to signify this same thing. For Satan is called “adversary.” Therefore, all who are against the will of God can be called Satans. We have said these things because it is written, “The Lord strengthened their hearts so that they might go out to the battle against Israel and be exterminated.” Source

Date: 235 -245 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Bruce, Barbara J. Origen: Homilies on Joshua (p. 149) The Catholic University of America Press, 2002

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

Bruce, Barbara J. Origen: Homilies on Joshua (p. 149) The Catholic University of America Press, 2002

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.