Romans 11:25

New Testament

25 For I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers and sisters, so that you may not be conceited: A partial hardening has happened to Israel until the full number of the Gentiles has come in. 26 And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written:“The Deliverer will come out of Zion;he will remove ungodliness from Jacob. 27 And this is my covenant with them, when I take away their sins.” 28 In regard to the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but in regard to election they are dearly loved for the sake of the fathers. 29 For the gifts and the call of God are irrevocable. 30 Just as you were formerly disobedient to God, but have now received mercy due to their disobedience, 31 so they too have now been disobedient in order that, by the mercy shown to you, they too may now receive mercy. 32 For God has consigned all people to disobedience so that he may show mercy to them all. Source

Date: 55-58 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

4 Ezra 4:35-37

Pseudepigrapha (2 Esdras)

31 How much more will it produce before the harvest! 32 Reckon this up: if one grain of evil seed has produced so great a crop of godlessness, how vast a harvest will there be when good seeds beyond number have been sown! 33 ‘I asked, ‘But when? How long have we to wait? Why are our lives so short and so miserable?’ 34 He replied, ‘Do not be in a greater hurry than the Most High himself. You are in a hurry for yourself alone; the Most High for many. 35 Are not these the very questions which were asked by the righteous in the storehouse of souls: “How long must we stay here? When will the harvest begin, the time when we get our reward?” 36 And the arch-angel Uriel gave them this answer: “As soon as the number of those like yourselves is complete. For the Lord has weighed the world in a balance, 37 he has measured and numbered the ages; he will move nothing, alter nothing, until the appointed number is achieved.”‘ 38 ‘But, my lord, my master,’ I replied, ‘we are all of us sinners through and through. 39 Can it be that because of us, because of the sins of mankind, the harvest and the reward of the just are delayed?’ 40 ‘Go,’ he said, ‘ask a pregnant woman whether she can keep the child in her womb any longer after the nine months are complete.’ Source

Date: 70-100 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Baker, Murray Paul and the Salvation of Israel: Paul's Ministry, the Motif of Jealousy, and Israel's Yes (pp. 469-484) The Catholic Bible Quarterly, 2005

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

Baker, Murray Paul and the Salvation of Israel: Paul's Ministry, the Motif of Jealousy, and Israel's Yes (pp. 469-484) The Catholic Bible Quarterly, 2005

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.