Revelation 20:13

New Testament

11 Then I saw a large white throne and the one who was seated on it; the earth and the heaven fled from his presence, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne. Then books were opened, and another book was opened—the book of life. So the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to their deeds. 13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each one was judged according to his deeds. 14 Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death—the lake of fire. 15 If anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, that person was thrown into the lake of fire. Source

Date: 92-96 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

4 Ezra 4:41

Pseudepigrapha (2 Esdras)

40 ‘Go,’ he said, ‘ask a pregnant woman whether she can keep the child in her womb any longer after the nine months are complete.’ 41 ‘No, my lord,’ I said, ‘she cannot.’ He went on: 42 ‘The storehouses of souls in the world below are like the womb. As a woman in travail is impatient to see the end of her labor, so they are impatient to give back all the souls committed to them since time began. 43 Then all your questions will be answered.’ Source

Date: 70-100 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Hogan, Karina M. "The Apocalyptic Eschatology of Romans" The Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of New Testamenmt Thought, edited by Loren T. Stuckenbruck (p. 161) Fortress Press, 2017

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

Hogan, Karina M. "The Apocalyptic Eschatology of Romans" The Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of New Testamenmt Thought, edited by Loren T. Stuckenbruck (p. 161) Fortress Press, 2017

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.