Revelation 13:1

New Testament

1 Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea. It had ten horns and seven heads, and on its horns were ten diadem crowns, and on its heads a blasphemous name. 2 Now the beast that I saw was like a leopard, but its feet were like a bear’s, and its mouth was like a lion’s mouth. The dragon gave the beast his power, his throne, and great authority to rule. 3 One of the beast’s heads appeared to have been killed, but the lethal wound had been healed. And the whole world followed the beast in amazement; 4 they worshiped the dragon because he had given ruling authority to the beast, and they worshiped the beast too, saying: “Who is like the beast?” and “Who is able to make war against him?” 5 The beast was given a mouth speaking proud words and blasphemies, and he was permitted to exercise ruling authority for forty-two months.

4 Ezra 12:11

2 Esdras

8 then give me strength; reveal to me, my Lord, the exact interpretation of this terrifying vision, and so bring full consolation to my soul. 9 For you have already judged me worthy to be shown the end of the present age.’ 10 He said to me: ‘Here is the interpretation of your vision. 11 The eagle you saw rising from the sea represents the fourth kingdom in the vision seen by your brother Daniel. 12 But he was not given the interpretation which I am now giving you or have already given you. 13 The days are coming when the earth will be under an empire more terrible than any before. 14 It will be ruled by twelve kings, one after another. 15 The second to come to the throne will have the longest reign of all the twelve.

 Notes and References

"... Older material is reused and updated in 4 Ezra, as in 1 Enoch and other apocalypses. The clearest example of this comes in the interpretation of the eagle vision ... A similar identification of the fourth beast of Daniel's vision with the Roman Empire is made in other contemporary apocalypses (Revelation 13:1-18; compare 2 Baruch 39:5). The account of the apparition of the man from the sea (13:1-13) may also draw on pre-existing sources, as the explanation given (13:21-50) does not exactly match the details of the vision ..."

Docherty, Susan E. The Jewish Pseudepigrapha: An Introduction to the Literature of the Second Temple Period (pp. 139-141) Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 2014

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