41 They said to him, “He will utterly destroy those evil men! Then he will lease the vineyard to other tenants who will give him his portion at the harvest.” 42 Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the scriptures: “‘The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. This is from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes’? 43 “For this reason I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit. 44 The one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, and the one on whom it falls will be crushed.” 45 When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they realized that he was speaking about them.
4 Ezra 1:242 Esdras
22 ‘“These are the words of the Lord Almighty: When you were in the desert, suffering thirst by the stream of bitter water and cursing me, 23 I did not bring down fire upon you for your blasphemy; I cast a tree into the stream and made the water sweet. 24 What am I to do with you, Jacob? Judah, you have refused to obey me. I will turn to other nations; I will 25 give them my name, and they will keep my statutes. Because you have deserted me, I will desert you; when you cry for mercy, I will show you 26 none; when you pray to me, I will not listen. You have stained your hands
Notes and References
"... While we have solidly made the case that the rejection of the Jewish leaders and Gentile inclusion are foundational to the parable of the Shut Door and the East / West Saying, we must dwell for a moment on the concept of Eschatological Pilgrimage or Feast which is so essential to the East / West saying. This is necessary because some have argued that Matthew’s “many will come from the east and the west” and Luke’s “people will come from east and west and north and south” do not refer to Gentiles at all, but instead refer to the return of Jewish exiles to Israel ... There are a number of OT and Apocryphal texts which Allison uses to support his position such as Psalm 107:3; Isaiah 43:5; Zechariah 8:7; Baruch 4:37; Psalms of Solomon 11:2; etc. In response to Allison and others who argue emphatically that the East / West saying refers to Jews returning from exile, we note that there is obviously a great similarity between the image of the return of Jewish exiles to Jerusalem and the Eschatological Pilgrimage of the Nations since both movements have the same origin (i.e., the nations), destination (Jerusalem), and timeframe (eschatological). It is easy to see how one of these motifs could be equated with the other. Whether the original Sitz im leben Jesu referred to Jewish exiles or not, for the purposes of our analysis we are interested only in how the East / West saying was used in the early Christian movement. Above we have argued that even in the pre-Matthean and pre-Lukan layer (Q), the sojourners in the East / West saying were considered Gentiles. The East / West saying appears in a modified form within 4 Ezra 1:24-40 ..."
King, Zachary Josetph The Delay of the Parousia and Gentile Inclusion in the Synoptic Parables (pp. 141-142) Vrije Universiteit, 2017
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