Malachi 3:3

Hebrew Bible

1 “I am about to send my messenger, who will clear the way before me. Indeed, the Lord you are seeking will suddenly come to his temple, and the messenger of the covenant, whom you long for, is certainly coming,” says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies. 2 Who can endure the day of his coming? Who can keep standing when he appears? For he will be like a refiner’s fire, like a launderer’s soap. 3 He will act like a refiner and purifier of silver and will cleanse the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Then they will offer the Lord a proper offering. 4 The offerings of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasing to the Lord as in former times and years past. Source

Date: 5th Century B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

John 2:14

New Testament

12 After this he went down to Capernaum with his mother and brothers and his disciples, and they stayed there a few days. 13 Now the Jewish Feast of Passover was near, so Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 He found in the temple courts those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers sitting at tables. 15 So he made a whip of cords and drove them all out of the temple courts, with the sheep and the oxen. He scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. 16 To those who sold the doves he said, “Take these things away from here! Do not make my Father’s house a marketplace!” 17 His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for your house will devour me.” Source

Date: 90-110 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Cirafesi, Wally V. The Priestly Portrait of Jesus in the Gospel of John in Light of 1QS, 1QSa, and 1QSb (pp. 83-105) Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism, 2011

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

Cirafesi, Wally V. The Priestly Portrait of Jesus in the Gospel of John in Light of 1QS, 1QSa, and 1QSb (pp. 83-105) Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism, 2011

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.