Luke 16:23

New Testament

21 who longed to eat what fell from the rich man’s table. In addition, the dogs came and licked his sores. 22 “Now the poor man died and was carried by the angels to Abraham’s side. The rich man also died and was buried. 23 And in Hades, as he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham far off with Lazarus at his side. 24 So he called out, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue because I am in anguish in this fire.’ 25 But Abraham said, ‘Child, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things and Lazarus likewise bad things, but now he is comforted here and you are in anguish.

4 Ezra 7:36

2 Esdras

34 Judgment alone shall remain; truth shall stand firm and faithfulness be strong; 35 recompense shall at once begin and open payment be made; good deeds shall awake and wicked deeds shall not be allowed to sleep. 36 Then the place of torment shall appear and over against it the place of rest; the furnace of hell shall be displayed, and on the opposite side the paradise of delight. 37 ‘Then the Most High shall say to the nations that have been raised from the dead: “Look and understand who it is you have denied and refused to 38 serve, and whose commandment you have despised. Look on this side, then on that: here are rest and delight, there fire and torments.”

 Notes and References

"... Defining the infernal realm or hell within the Second Temple period and Late Antiquity is not a facile project as this era is marked by incredible diversity of thought concerning the nature of the afterlife. Sites traditionally associated with the infernal world - the realm of the dead (Sheol, for example, Isaiah 38:10, 18; Psalm 88:4; Job 7:9; Qohohlet 9:10 or Hades [for example, Iliad 9.158-59; Odyssey 11.487; Josephus, Antiquitates Judaicae 18:14; Matthew 11:23; Luke 16:23; Acts 2:27; Revelation 1:18; 20:13-14]), Gehenna, a fiery place of punishment or for judgment of the wicked (Matthew 5:22; 29-30; Mark 9:43, 45, 47; Sibyllene Oracles 1.103; 2.292; 4 Ezra 7:36; Ascencion of Isaiah 4:14; m. Qidd. 4.14; t. Berakhot 6.15; t. Sanhedrin 13.3; b. Berakhot 28b; Midrash Tehillim 31.3) and Tartarus, traditionally a subterranean prison or abyss where the titans or other sorts of celestial beings were punished (Ilias 8.13-16; Theogonia 713-35; LXX Proverbs 30:16; Job 40:20; 41:24; 1 Enoch 20:2; 2 Peter 2:4; Sibyllene Oracles 1.101) - are distinctive in origin and purpose; further, because of the variety of views held on the afterlife, each of these terms could be employed differently by ancient authors, not always in uniform manner ..."

Bautch, Kelley Coblentz "Heavenly Beings Brought Low: A Study of Angels and the Netherworld" in in Reiterer, Friedrich Vinzenz, et al. (eds.) Angels: The Concept of Celestial Beings Origins, Development and Reception (pp. 459-475) De Gruyter, 2007

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