Leviticus 2:11

Hebrew Bible

9 Then the priest must take up from the grain offering its memorial portion and offer it up in smoke on the altar—it is a gift of a soothing aroma to the Lord. 10 The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and to his sons—it is most holy from the gifts of the Lord. 11 “‘No grain offering which you present to the Lord can be made with yeast, for you must not offer up in smoke any yeast or honey as a gift to the Lord. 12 You can present them to the Lord as an offering of firstfruit, but they must not go up to the altar for a soothing aroma. 13 Moreover, you must season every one of your grain offerings with salt; you must not allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be missing from your grain offering—on every one of your grain offerings you must present salt.

Amos 4:5

Hebrew Bible

3 Each of you will go straight through the gaps in the walls; you will be thrown out toward Harmon.” The Lord is speaking. 4 “Go to Bethel and rebel! At Gilgal rebel some more! Bring your sacrifices in the morning, your tithes on the third day! 5 Burn a thank offering of bread made with yeast! Make a public display of your voluntary offerings! For you love to do this, you Israelites.” The Sovereign Lord is speaking. 6 “But surely I gave you no food to eat in all your cities; you lacked food everywhere you lived. Still you did not come back to me.”The Lord is speaking. 7 “I withheld rain from you three months before the harvest. I gave rain to one city, but not to another. One field would get rain, but the field that received no rain dried up.

 Notes and References

"... Ishtar’s name is cognate with that of Ashtoret. It may be added, the association of cakes – of a sort excluded from the cult of Yhwh in Leviticus 2:11 – with the cult of Ashtoret is assured by an epigraph from Kition 72 (KAI 37.A:10). First millennium inscriptions mentioning Ashtoret confirm her stature among Phoenicians across the Mediterranean. And there is no doubt that she is sometimes referred to as a heavenly deity, although it is by no means clear that the epithet “queen” attaches to her (as KAI 37.A:7, 10) in contradistinction to the other major goddesses. Thus, it may well be that Ashtoret as Queen of Heaven is identical with the asherah of the chief god, even that Ashtoret was somehow identified with Asherah proper: a Phoenician shrine in seventh–sixth-century Egypt was dedicated to twin goddesses, and a similar shrine in eleventh–tenth century Tel Qasile may reflect the early establishment of such a cult in Philistia; in Carthage, there is evidence of a temple devoted in common to Astarte and Tannit of Lebanon (most likely, Asherah) ..."

Halpern, Baruch, and Matthew J. Adams From Gods to God: The Dynamics of Iron Age Cosmologies (p. 83) Mohr Siebeck, 2009

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