Jonathan Numbers 24:15


14 And now, behold, I return to go to my people. Come, I will give thee counsel: Go, furnish tavern houses, and employ seductive women to sell food and drinks cheaply, and to bring this people together to eat and drink, and commit whoredom with them, that they may deny their God; then in a brief time will they be delivered into thy hand, and many of them fall. Nevertheless, after this they will still have dominion over thy people at the end of the days. 15 And he took up the parable of his prophecy, and said Bileam the son of Beor speaketh; the man speaketh who is more honourable than his father, because the mysteries hidden from prophets have been revealed to him; 16 he speaketh who heard the Word from before the Lord, and who knoweth the hour when the Most High God will be wroth with him; (he speaketh) who saw the vision before the Almighty, seeking, prostrate on his face, that it should be revealed to him; the secret, concealed from the prophets, was disclosed unto him.

Matthew 13:17

New Testament

15 For the heart of this people has become dull; they are hard of hearing, and they have shut their eyes, so that they would not see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their hearts and turn, and I would heal them.’ 16 “But your eyes are blessed because they see, and your ears because they hear. 17 For I tell you the truth, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see but did not see it, and to hear what you hear but did not hear it. 18 “So listen to the parable of the sower: 19 When anyone hears the word about the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches what was sown in his heart; this is the seed sown along the path. 20 The seed sown on rocky ground is the person who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy.

 Notes and References

"... Such cases are reminders that the Targumim, like rabbinic literature as a whole, may illuminate the language and imagery of the New Testament, even at the remove of several centuries. As we have already seen, Leviticus 19:18 includes the negative form of the golden rule in Pseudo-Jonathan, which is attributed to Hillel in B. Sabb. 31a and is frequently compared to the teaching of Jesus. Targum Neofiti Numbers 24:3 says of Balaam that, 'what has been hidden from all the prophets has been revealed to him' (See Matt 13:17; Luke 10:24) ..."

Chilton, Bruce "From Aramaic Paraphrase to Greek Testament" in Evans, Craig A. (ed.) From Prophecy to Testament: The Function of the Old Testament in the New (pp. 23-43) Hendrickson Publishers, 2004

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.