Isaiah 19:18

Hebrew Bible

18 At that time five cities in the land of Egypt will speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the Lord of Heaven’s Armies. One will be called the City of the Sun. 19 At that time there will be an altar for the Lord in the middle of the land of Egypt, as well as a sacred pillar dedicated to the Lord at its border. 20 It will become a visual reminder in the land of Egypt of the Lord of Heaven’s Armies. When they cry out to the Lord because of oppressors, he will send them a deliverer and defender who will rescue them.

Jonathan Isaiah 19:18

Targum

18 At that time, there shall be five cities in the land of Egypt, speaking the language of Canaan, and swearing by the name of the Lord of hosts. The city of Beth-Shemesh, which is to be destroyed, shall be called one of them. 19 At that time there shall be prepared an altar before the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt: and a pillar by the border thereof before the Lord. 20 And it shall be for a sign, and for a witness before the Lord of hosts in the land of Egypt, when they shall pray before the Lord because of their oppressors, and He shall send unto them a Saviour, and a Judge, and He shall deliver them.

 Notes and References

"... MT Isaiah 19.18, states: “[O]n that day there shall be five cities in the land of Egypt ... [O]ne of these will be called the city of destruction”. The reading of “city of destruction” is found in the majority of the Hebrew manuscripts, but a few Hebrew texts, including the Isaiah Scroll from Qumran, render “city of destruction” as “city of the sun”, an understanding followed by Symmachus and the Vulgate135 and which corresponds to Josephus’ information that the Leontopolis temple was in the nome of Heliopolis. In an interesting textual variant, the Targum to Isaiah combines these two readings: “the city of Beth-Shemesh which will be destroyed.” ..."

Wardle, Timothy Scott Continuity and Discontinuity: The Temple and Early Christian Identity (p. 200) Duke University, 2008

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