Genesis 32:30

Hebrew Bible

28 “No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, “but Israel, because you have fought with God and with men and have prevailed.” 29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” “Why do you ask my name?” the man replied. Then he blessed Jacob there. 30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, explaining, “Certainly I have seen God face to face and have survived.” 31 The sun rose over him as he crossed over Penuel, but he was limping because of his hip. 32 That is why to this day the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.

Exodus 33:11

Hebrew Bible

9 And whenever Moses entered the tent, the pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the entrance of the tent, and the Lord would speak with Moses. 10 When all the people would see the pillar of cloud standing at the entrance of the tent, all the people, each one at the entrance of his own tent, would rise and worship. 11 The Lord would speak to Moses face to face, the way a person speaks to a friend. Then Moses would return to the camp, but his servant, Joshua son of Nun, a young man, did not leave the tent. 12 Moses said to the Lord, “See, you have been saying to me, ‘Bring this people up,’ but you have not let me know whom you will send with me. But you said, ‘I know you by name, and also you have found favor in my sight.’ 13 Now if I have found favor in your sight, show me your way, that I may know you, that I may continue to find favor in your sight. And see that this nation is your people.”

 Notes and References

"... Moses seems to have taken his interpretation of the Sinai event a bit too far, especially as it is stated in the closure of Deuteronomy that: 'there never arose another prophet in Israel like Moses, whom Yahweh knew face to face' (Deuteronomy 34:10). The antecedent of the statement is Moses’ encounter with Yahweh in Exodus 33:11: 'And Yahweh spoke with Moses face to face, as a man speaks with his neighbor and he returned to the camp, but his attendant, the young lad Joshua ben Nun did not leave the tent.' Both passages are implicitly contrasting Moses with Joshua, who being a subordinate successor of Moses merely interprets what Yahweh commanded Moses (Deuteronomy 34:9): 'And Joshua ben Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom, for Moses had laid his hands on him. And the Israelites listened to him and they did whatever Yahweh had commanded to Moses.' Moses’ encounter with Yahweh, 'face to face' is either a hyperbolic statement or it could mean 'one opposite the other' as seems indicated in Exodus 33:18-23’s midrashic interpretation of the encounter, which echoes Jacob’s night-time wrestling with God and man in Genesis 32:25–32. Analogous with Jacob’s request to know God’s name (Genesis 32:30), Moses challenges Yahweh by requesting that he shows him his glory, (Exodus 33:18). Jacob’s request was not granted though, he nevertheless claimed that he had seen Elohim 'face to face and yet saved his life' (Genesis 32:30) ..."

Hjelm, Ingrid "The Coming of a 'Prophet Like You' in Ancient Literature" in Høgenhaven, Jesper, et al. (eds.) Rewriting and Reception in and of the Bible (pp. 33-48) Mohr Siebeck, 2018

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