Genesis 14:18

Hebrew Bible

15 Then, during the night, Abram divided his forces against them and defeated them. He chased them as far as Hobah, which is north of Damascus. 16 He retrieved all the stolen property. He also brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, as well as the women and the rest of the people. 17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley). 18 Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 19 He blessed Abram, saying, “Blessed be Abram by the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth.

Judith 4:4


2 they were therefore greatly terrified at his approach; they were alarmed both for Jerusalem and for the temple of the Lord their God. 3 For they had only recently returned from exile, and all the people of Judea had just now gathered together, and the sacred vessels and the altar and the temple had been consecrated after their profanation. 4 So they sent word to every district of Samaria, and to Kona, Beth-horon, Belmain, and Jericho, and to Choba and Aesora, and the valley of Salem. 5 They immediately seized all the high hilltops and fortified the villages on them and stored up food in preparation for war—since their fields had recently been harvested. 6 The high priest, Joakim, who was in Jerusalem at the time, wrote to the people of Bethulia and Betomesthaim, which faces Esdraelon opposite the plain near Dothan,

 Notes and References

"... The combination here of known, partially known, and unknown place names is typical of the difficulties raised by the geographical information provided in Judith. Samaria, Beth-horon, and Jericho are known, identifiable places. Hoba is mentioned in Genesis 14, a biblical tale of a military coalition, as is the city – but not the valley – of Salem (Gen 14:15, 18), but neither Hoba nor the valley of Salem can be assigned a precise location. The towns of Kona, Belmain, and Aesora are mentioned only in Judith (see too 15:5) and consequently are difficult to place and identify. A further complication is the varied transmission in Greek manuscripts of these unfamiliar and presumably transliterated Hebrew names ..."

Gera, Deborah Levine Judith (p. 171) De Gruyter, 2014

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.