Genesis 1:15

Hebrew Bible

14 God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them be signs to indicate seasons and days and years, 15 and let them serve as lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth.” It was so. 16 God made two great lights—the greater light to rule over the day and the lesser light to rule over the night. He made the stars also. 17 God placed the lights in the expanse of the sky to shine on the earth, 18 to preside over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 19 There was evening, and there was morning, a fourth day.

1 Enoch 75:3


2 And owing to them men go wrong therein, for those luminaries truly render service on the world-stations, one in the first portal, one in the third portal of the heaven, one in the fourth portal, and one in the sixth portal, and the exactness of the year is accomplished through its separate three hundred and sixty-four stations. 3 For the signs and the times and the years and the days the angel Uriel showed to me, whom the Lord of glory hath set for ever over all the luminaries of the heaven, in the heaven and in the world, that they should rule on the face of the heaven and be seen on the earth, and be leaders for the day and the night, i.e. the sun, moon, and stars, and all the ministering creatures which make their revolution in all the chariots of the heaven.

 Notes and References

"... It is clear from 1 Enoch 72-82 that the writer of the Enochic text knew and used Genesis 1, especially the passage regarding the creation of the heavenly lights on day four. So, for example, he designates the sun “the great light” (72:4, 35-36) and the moon “the smaller light” (73:1), and he refers to sign(s) in connection with the luminaries (72:13, 19; cf. 78:7 and 82:16, 19). Furthermore, 1 Enoch 75:3 and 82:7, 9-10 contain summary statements that take up several terms from Genesis 1:14-19: times, days, years, set times, and rule ..."

VanderKam, James "Enoch's Science" in Ben-Dov, Jonathan, and Seth L. Sanders, (eds.) Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature (pp. 51-67) New York University Press, 2014

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