Ezekiel 37:13

Hebrew Bible

11 Then he said to me, “Son of man, these bones are all the house of Israel. Look, they are saying, ‘Our bones are dry, our hope has perished; we are cut off.’ 12 Therefore prophesy, and tell them, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Look, I am about to open your graves and will raise you from your graves, my people. I will bring you to the land of Israel. 13 Then you will know that I am the Lord, when I open your graves and raise you from your graves, my people. 14 I will place my breath in you and you will live; I will give you rest in your own land. Then you will know that I am the Lord—I have spoken and I will act, declares the Lord.’” 15 The Lord’s message came to me:

John 5:27

New Testament

25 For just as the Father has life in himself, thus he has granted the Son to have life in himself, 26 and he has granted the Son authority to execute judgment because he is the Son of Man. 27Do not be amazed at this, because a time is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice 28 and will come out—the ones who have done what is good to the resurrection resulting in life, and the ones who have done what is evil to the resurrection resulting in condemnation. 29 I can do nothing on my own initiative. Just as I hear, I judge, and my judgment is just because I do not seek my own will, but the will of the one who sent me.

 Notes and References

"... John’s understanding of Ezekiel 37 is suggested by the way in which he modifies the image of the dry bones. As many have pointed out, John 5:21, 25-26 describes the giving of life in the present, and John 5:27-29 describes the final resurrection. John 5:25 describes the new life as already beginning (“the hour is coming and now is”); thus “the dead” are the spiritually dead, and those who live are those who listen to the Son of God. John 5:28 describes the final resurrection (“the hour is coming”), in which both righteous and wicked are called from their tombs for judgment. This pairing of new life and final resurrection reveals John’s understanding of Ezekiel 37. The image of revivification (Ezek 37:1-10) symbolizes several related ideas: purification, the restoration of Israel’s hope, return to the land, and the giving of God’s Spirit (Ezek 37:11-14). John uses language drawn from Ezekiel 37 to discuss both the immediate gift of new life to believers (which elsewhere in John includes hope and the giving of the Spirit), and the future resurrection, suggesting that he was using Ezekiel’s visionary metaphor (Ezek 37:1-10) as well as its interpretation (Ezek 37:11-14) ..."

Manning, Gary T. Shepherd, Vine, and Bones: The Use of Ezekiel in the Gospel of John (pp. 1-31) T&T Clark, 2010

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