Exodus 20:18

Hebrew Bible

16 “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. 17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that belongs to your neighbor.” 18 All the people were seeing the thundering and the lightning, and heard the sound of the horn, and saw the mountain smoking—and when the people saw it they trembled with fear and kept their distance. 19 They said to Moses, “You speak to us and we will listen, but do not let God speak with us, lest we die.” 20 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you so that you do not sin.” Source

Date: 5th Century B.C.E. (Final composition) (based on scholarly estimates)

1 Enoch 89:31

Pseudepigrapha

29 And that sheep ascended to the summit of that lofty rock, and the Lord of the sheep sent it to them. 30 And after that I saw the Lord of the sheep who stood before them, and His appearance was great and terrible and majestic, and all those sheep saw Him and were afraid before His face. 31 And they all feared and trembled because of Him, and they cried to that sheep with them [which was amongst them]: "We are not able to stand before our Lord or to behold Him." 32 And that sheep which led them again ascended to the summit of that rock, but the sheep began to be blinded and to wander from the way which he had showed them, but that sheep wot not thereof. 33 And the Lord of the sheep was wrathful exceedingly against them, and that sheep discovered it, and went down from the summit of the rock, and came to the sheep, and found the greatest part of them blinded and fallen away. Source

Date: 200-50 B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

"... It is certainly the case that there is little direct mention made of the Mosaic Torah [in 1 Enoch]; only 93:6 and possibly 99:2 make any explicit reference to that covenant. The Animal Apocalypse devotes a significant portion of its narrative to the Sinai theophany (89:29–35), but makes no explicit mention of the giving of the Torah, a significant silence in the eyes of Nickelsburg."

Macaskill, Grant Revealed Wisdom and Inaugurated Eschatology in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (p. 46) Brill, 2007

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... It is certainly the case that there is little direct mention made of the Mosaic Torah [in 1 Enoch]; only 93:6 and possibly 99:2 make any explicit reference to that covenant. The Animal Apocalypse devotes a significant portion of its narrative to the Sinai theophany (89:29–35), but makes no explicit mention of the giving of the Torah, a significant silence in the eyes of Nickelsburg."

Macaskill, Grant Revealed Wisdom and Inaugurated Eschatology in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (p. 46) Brill, 2007

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.