8 The male goat acted even more arrogantly. But no sooner had the large horn become strong than it was broken, and there arose four conspicuous horns in its place, extending toward the four winds of the sky. 9 From one of them came a small horn, but it grew to be very great toward the south and the east and toward the beautiful land. 10 It grew so great it reached the army of heaven, and it brought about the fall of some of the army and some of the stars to the ground, where it trampled them. 11 It also acted arrogantly against the Prince of the army, from whom the daily sacrifice was removed and whose sanctuary was thrown down. 12 The army was given over, along with the daily sacrifice, in the course of his sinful rebellion. It hurled truth to the ground and enjoyed success.
2 She was pregnant and was screaming in labor pains, struggling to give birth. 3 Then another sign appeared in heaven: a huge red dragon that had seven heads and ten horns, and on its heads were seven diadem crowns. 4 Now the dragon’s tail swept away a third of the stars in heaven and hurled them to the earth. Then the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that he might devour her child as soon as it was born. 5 So the woman gave birth to a son, a male child, who is going to rule over all the nations with an iron rod. Her child was suddenly caught up to God and to his throne, 6 and she fled into the wilderness where a place had been prepared for her by God, so she could be taken care of for 1,260 days.
Notes and References
"... Daniel 8:10–13 has often been compared to Isaiah 14:12–15, though only a few readers appear to claim literary dependence, and these few do not offer detailed defense. That the text alludes to anything at all is suggested first by the relative suddenness with which an expansion toward the “beautiful land” (i.e., Jerusalem) becomes equated with an assault on the host of heaven (Daniel 8:9, 10). This suddenness, combined with the paraphrasis of “beautiful land,” produces a slight “opacity” relative to the larger context. This disjuncture is reinforced by the appearance in Daniel 8:9 of the “little horn,” a figure already associated with narrative climax in Daniel 7:8. Isaiah 14 itself probably alludes to a myth about the figure “Helel ben Shachar” and its fall from heaven. It is true that 1 Enoch 46:7, 2 Maccabees 9:10, and Revelation 12:4 also share the motif of the assault on heaven. Each of these, though, may itself be open to the influence either of Isaiah 14 or of Daniel 8. An example of this “lucifer pattern,” in which a divine being attempts unsuccessfully to assume the throne of the high god and then suffers humiliation, may also found in the Ugaritic Baal cycle ..."
Lester, G. Brooke Daniel Evokes Isaiah: Allusive Characterization of Foreign Rule in the Hebrew-Aramaic Book of Daniel (pp. 80-82) Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2015
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