Daniel 12:2

Hebrew Bible

1 “At that time Michael, the great prince who watches over your people, will arise. There will be a time of distress unlike any other from the nation’s beginning up to that time. But at that time your own people, all those whose names are found written in the book, will escape. 2 Many of those who sleep in the dusty ground will awake—some to everlasting life, and others to shame and everlasting abhorrence. 3 But the wise will shine like the brightness of the heavenly expanse. And those bringing many to righteousness will be like the stars forever and ever. 4 “But you, Daniel, close up these words and seal the book until the time of the end. Many will dash about, and knowledge will increase.”

2 Maccabees 7:9


7 After the first brother had died in this way, they brought forward the second for their sport. They tore off the skin of his head with the hair, and asked him, "Will you eat rather than have your body punished limb by limb?" 8 He replied in the language of his ancestors and said to them, "No." Therefore he in turn underwent tortures as the first brother had done. 9 And when he was at his last breath, he said, "You accursed wretch, you dismiss us from this present life, but the King of the universe will raise us up to an everlasting renewal of life, because we have died for his laws." 10 After him, the third was the victim of their sport. When it was demanded, he quickly put out his tongue and courageously stretched forth his hands, 11 and said nobly, "I got these from Heaven, and because of his laws I disdain them, and from him I hope to get them back again."

 Notes and References

"... For millennia the question of life after death has been a preoccupation of human societies. Descriptions of afterlife express various concerns, needs and aspirations, and reveal some of the ways humans have related to the divine and the world. The concept of afterlife in Judaism and Christianity has exercised the imagination of millions, in prayers and personal hopes, in doctrines and the arts. The Christian concept of the afterlife has especially accentuated resurrection and subsequent communion with God in heaven, expressed in part as a banquet. The Hebrew Bible has provided some illumination for the background of these con­cepts. The origins of the concept of resurrection have been pushed back at least to the Hellenistic period (Daniel 12:2; 2 Maccabees 7:9, 11, 14, 23; cf. 1 Enoch 51:1, 61:5; 2 Esdras 7:32), and perhaps to the Persian period (Isaiah 26:19?). The heavenly banquet in New Testament time has a forerunner in the eschatological banquet described in Isaiah ,25:6-8. The Ugaritic texts have prompted a major reconsideration of the ori­gins and development of resurrection and afterlife in Israelite religion, because they describe the death and return to life of Baal and the feasts of dead heroes and kings, the Rephaim ..."

Smith, Mark S. and Elizabeth M. Bloch-Smith Death and Afterlife in Ugarit and Israel (pp. 277-284) Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 108, 1988

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