Joel 3:16

Hebrew Bible

14 Crowds, great crowds are in the Valley of Decision, for the day of the Lord is near in the Valley of Decision! 15 The sun and moon are darkened; the stars withhold their brightness. 16 The Lord roars from Zion; from Jerusalem his voice bellows out. The heavens and the earth shake. But the Lord is a refuge for his people; he is a stronghold for the citizens of Israel. 17 “You will be convinced that I, the Lord, am your God, dwelling on Zion, my holy mountain. Jerusalem will be holy— conquering armies will no longer pass through it. 18 On that day the mountains will drip with sweet wine, and the hills will flow with milk. All the dry stream beds of Judah will flow with water. A spring will flow out from the temple of the Lord, watering the Valley of Acacia Trees.

Amos 1:2

Hebrew Bible

1 The following is a record of what Amos prophesied. He was one of the herdsmen from Tekoa. These prophecies about Israel were revealed to him during the time of King Uzziah of Judah and King Jeroboam son of Joash of Israel, two years before the earthquake. 2 Amos said: “The Lord comes roaring out of Zion; from Jerusalem he comes bellowing! The shepherds’ pastures wilt; the summit of Carmel withers.” 3 This is what the Lord says: “Because Damascus has committed three crimes—make that four!—I will not revoke my decree of judgment. They ripped through Gilead like threshing sledges with iron teeth. 4 So I will set Hazael’s house on fire; fire will consume Ben Hadad’s fortresses.

 Notes and References

"... The second major facet of Joel to be treated is its intertextual relationships, particularly in relation to the other constituent books of the Book of the Twelve. Several intertextual relationships require examination.17 Apart from those pertaining to the Book of the Twelve, they include first of all the use of the Exodus tradition, particularly the plagues of locusts in Exodus 10:1-20 and darkness in Exodus 10:21-29. The use of the Exodus tradition includes the Sharav or Hamsin, the dry desert wind that brings locusts and perhaps the darkness to depict YHWH's defeat ofthreats against the people (Exod 10:13, 19; cf. Exodus 14-15; Isa 11:11-16). Other traditions employed include the "Day of YHWH" tradition that depicts punishment against Israel's enemies as well as against Israel itself (Isaiah 2; 13; see also Amos 5:18-20; Obadiah; Zephaniah; Zechariah) and 2 Chronicles 20, which portrays King Jehoshaphat's defeat of the nations, Ammon, Moab, and Edom, that threatened Jerusalem. Intertextual references with the book the Book of the Twelve include the citation of Amos 1:2 and 9:13 in Joel 4:16, 18; the use ofMicah4:l-5 (cf. Isaiah 2:2^1) in Joel 4:10; and citations from the book of Obadiah that appear throughout Joel 3—4 ..."

Sweeney, Marvin A. Form and Intertextuality in Prophetic and Apocalyptic Literature (pp. 198-199) Mohr Siebeck, 2020

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