4 Maccabees 17:5


3 Nobly set like a roof on the pillars of your sons, you held firm and unswerving against the earthquake of the tortures. 4 Take courage, therefore, O holy-minded mother, maintaining firm an enduring hope in God. 5 The moon in heaven, with the stars, does not stand so august as you, who, after lighting the way of your star-like seven sons to piety, stand in honor before God and are firmly set in heaven with them. 6 For your children were true descendants of father Abraham. 7 If it were possible for us to paint the history of your religion as an artist might, would not those who first beheld it have shuddered as they saw the mother of the seven children enduring their varied tortures to death for the sake of religion?

Matthew 13:43

New Testament

40 As the poisonous weeds are collected and burned with fire, so it will be at the end of the age. 41 The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will gather from his kingdom everything that causes sin as well as all lawbreakers. 42 They will throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. The one who has ears had better listen! 44 “The kingdom of heaven is like a treasure, hidden in a field, that a person found and hid. Then because of joy he went and sold all that he had and bought that field.

 Notes and References

"... [the Similitudes of Enoch] does not explicitly identify angels and stars, instead claims that the righteous are radiant in heaven; as will be evident from being radiant and angelic is directly linked to the transformation of Moses at Sinai where Moses' face is described as being "radiant" after his meeting with God; other passages that describe the righteous dead as 'radiant', 'shining' or 'wearing light': Daniel 12:3; 4 Maccabees 17:5; 1 Enoch 39:7, 104:2; 2 Enoch 42:5, 65:10, 66:7 (J); 1 Baruch 4:30, 5:1-2; 2 Baruch 51:3, 4 Ezra 7:97. The description of the righteous dead as part of 'choirs' in the heavens in 3 Baruch 10:5 is also an astral designation, for the stars are described as a 'choir' in Euripides Electra 467; Plato, Phaedr. 247a7, Tim. 40c3, Epin. 982e4; Maximus of Tyre 16, 6d; Sibylline Oracles 8,450; Philo, Vita Mos. 2.239; cf. 1 Clement 20:3; Ignatius Ephesians 19.2; and in Ignatius Ephesians 4.2 and Romans 2.2 the Church is compared to a choir ..."

Ricklefs, Norman An Angelic Community: The Significance of Beliefs about Angels in the First Four Centuries of Christianity (p. 57) Macquarie University, 2002

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